Pelagic Fisheries of India – An Overview

Rohit, Prathibha and Abdussamad, E M and Margaret Muthu Rathinam, A and Ganga, U and Ghosh, Shubhadeep and Rajesh, K M and Koya, K P Said and Koya, Mohammed and Chellappan, Anulekshmi and Nakhawa, A D and Surya, S and Roul, Subal Kumar and Azeez, P A and Vinothkumar, R and Manas, H M and Jayakumar, R and Mini, K G and Kuriakose, Somy (2024) Pelagic Fisheries of India – An Overview. Indian Journal of Fisheries, 71 (1). pp. 12-28. ISSN 0970 - 6011

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    Abstract

    The annual pelagic fish landings of the country comprising diverse species, increased from 0.3 million t in 1950 to >3 million t in 2021, marking a tenfold increase. The pelagic resources consistently constituted over half of the total marine fish landings. Major contributors to the pelagic landings are sardines, mackerels, tunas, carangids, ribbonfishes, Bombayduck, codlets, billfishes and barracudas. The west coast of India accounts for 60% of total pelagic landings with the south-west coast comprising of Kerala, Karnataka and Goa sustaining vast shoals of small pelagic fishes thriving in the nutrient-rich upwelled waters. The pelagic fishes play a crucial role in the marine ecosystem, functioning as both prey and predator. Furthermore, the small pelagic fishes serve as sources of protein-rich food for coastal populations, and the large pelagic species command lucrative market prices both in the domestic and export markets. Continuous monitoring of the landings of pelagic fishes is essential for recommending suitable management plans for the optimal and sustainable exploitation of the available pelagic resources in Indian waters. This paper attempts to provide an overview of the marine pelagic fisheries of India, based on analysis of the fish landings data across various sectors spanning the period from 1985 to 2021.

    Item Type: Article
    Uncontrolled Keywords: Marine fish landings; Pelagic fishes; Sustainable exploitation; State-wise contribution; Trends
    Subjects: Marine Fisheries > Fish landing
    Pelagic Fisheries
    Divisions: CMFRI-Kochi > Marine Capture > Fishery Resources Assessment, Economics and Extension Division
    Subject Area > CMFRI > CMFRI-Kochi > Marine Capture > Fishery Resources Assessment, Economics and Extension Division
    CMFRI-Kochi > Marine Capture > Fishery Resources Assessment, Economics and Extension Division
    Subject Area > CMFRI-Kochi > Marine Capture > Fishery Resources Assessment, Economics and Extension Division

    CMFRI-Kochi > Marine Capture > Pelagic Fisheries Division
    Subject Area > CMFRI > CMFRI-Kochi > Marine Capture > Pelagic Fisheries Division
    CMFRI-Kochi > Marine Capture > Pelagic Fisheries Division
    Subject Area > CMFRI-Kochi > Marine Capture > Pelagic Fisheries Division
    Depositing User: Arun Surendran
    Date Deposited: 01 Apr 2024 10:54
    Last Modified: 11 Apr 2024 08:45
    URI: http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/id/eprint/18243

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