Distribution Pattern of the Major Exploited Marine Fishery Resources of India

Rao, K Virabhadra (1969) Distribution Pattern of the Major Exploited Marine Fishery Resources of India. Technical Report. CMFRI, Kochi.

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Abstract

Of the total fish production of the Indian Ocean estimated at about 2.2 million metric tons in 1969 (FAO, 1966), about 40% is contributed by the landings from India and as in all warm tropical waters the fisheries of this region are supported by a large number of pelagic, bathypelagic and demersal groups which are exploited by varied types of gear. The fishing industry of India, as in most developing countries, is passing through an initial, phase of changing over from the traditional to the modern methods of exploitation. from the use of indigenous sail craft and rather less effective gear to fishing with the help of mechanised craft and the larger powered vessels operating the more efficient types of fishing gear and other ancillary equipments as the radars, fish finders etc. In the earlier times, the state government looked forward only to increasing the revenues from the fisheries, but in the independent India there has been a change over to offering financial assistance to promote expansion of the fishing and other dependent allied industries, besides incurring expenditure on exploratory fishing, fisheries research and training of scientific and technical personnel. For fisheries development substantial amounts were usefully expended by the Central and State Governments during the First Five Year Plan (Rs. 27.8 million), the Second Five Year Plan (Rs. 90 million) and the Third Five Year Plan (Rs. 250 million) periods. Much information on the potential fishery resources of the inshore and offshore fishing grounds and of the life histories and biological behaviour of the commercially important fish and prawn species has been gathered. The number of mechanised fishing craft increased from about a dozen in 1951 to about 5000 in 1967. There has been an increase in the marine fish landings

Item Type:Monograph (Technical Report)
Uncontrolled Keywords:marine fishery
Subjects:CMFRI Bulletin
Marine Fisheries
Divisions:CMFRI-Cochin > Marine Capture
ID Code:565
Deposited By:Edwin Joseph
Deposited On:14 May 2010 14:56
Last Modified:04 Jun 2014 10:18

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