Fishery, population dynamics and stock assessment of flat needlefish Ablennes hians (Valenciennes, 1846) from the south-eastern Arabian Sea off Kerala coast, India

Roul, Subal Kumar and Ganga, U and Abdussamad, E M and Jaiswar, A K and Rohit, Prathibha (2024) Fishery, population dynamics and stock assessment of flat needlefish Ablennes hians (Valenciennes, 1846) from the south-eastern Arabian Sea off Kerala coast, India. Indian Journal of Fisheries, 71 (1). pp. 48-54. ISSN 0970 - 6011

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    Abstract

    The age, growth, mortality parameters and stock status of Ablennes hians (Valenciennes, 1846) were assessed by using length frequency, catch, and effort data collected from the commercial catches along the coast of Kerala (south-eastern Arabian Sea) during 2015-2017. The growth parameters, L∞, K and t0 were estimated at 133.9 cm TL, 0.72 yr-1 and -0.0026 yr, respectively. The instantaneous natural mortality (M), total mortality (Z), fishing mortality (F) and current exploitation rate (Ecur) were estimated as 0.95 yr-1, 2.78 yr-1, 1.83 yr-1 and 0.66, respectively. Length at capture (Lc50) was estimated at 77.58 cm TL, which is greater than Lm50. Beverton and Holt yield per recruit analysis, indicated that maximum Y/R could be obtained at an exploitation rate (Emax) of 0.75, suggesting scope for an increase in exploitation. In this analysis, spawning stock biomass (SSB) was not taken into consideration, which is essential for maintaining recruitment in the future. In the present study, E0.1 (0.61) and Ecur (0.66) were nearly equal, indicating that the fishery is running at an economic reference point i.e., maximum economic yield (MEY). Thompson and Bell prediction model showed that at the current level of exploitation, the SSB was reduced by 20.49% and hence, there is no scope for further increase in fishing efforts to maintain the SSB at a relatively safe and sustainable level. The analysis revealed the maximum sustainable yield (MSY) of this species as 90.26 t, which can be obtained by increasing the present level of fishing effort by 1.3 times but would result in the depletion of the SSB to a critically low level of 15.65%. Therefore, a precautionary safe level of exploitation (E0.1), estimated at 0.61 for the species, is recommended.

    Item Type: Article
    Uncontrolled Keywords: Belonidae; Fishery management Population dynamics; Spawning stock biomass; Stock status
    Subjects: Marine Fisheries > Population Dynamics
    Demersal Fishes > Flat fishes
    Marine Fisheries > Stock Assessment
    Divisions: CMFRI-Digha
    Depositing User: Arun Surendran
    Date Deposited: 01 Apr 2024 11:19
    Last Modified: 11 Apr 2024 08:42
    URI: http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/id/eprint/18247

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