Does minimizing seabed contact alleviate the impacts of bottom trawling? an experimental study on bycatch from North-Western Bay of Bengal

Ghosh, Shubhadeep and Behera, Pralaya Ranjan and Edward, Loveson and Muktha, M and Divipala, Indira and Jasmin, F and Manas, H M and Pattnaik, Phalguni and Das, Madhumita and Rao, Gaurisankar and Satish Kumar, M and Dineshbabu, A P and Gopalakrishnan, A (2024) Does minimizing seabed contact alleviate the impacts of bottom trawling? an experimental study on bycatch from North-Western Bay of Bengal. Turkish Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 24 (4). pp. 1-18. ISSN 2149 - 181X

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    Abstract

    In light of the ecological concerns associated with bottom trawling in tropical multispecies fisheries, an attempt was undertaken to implement operational modifications in experimental trawling practices aimed at reducing bottom contact. This endeavour was pursued to investigate the resulting effects on bycatch biomass and diversity along the north-western Bay of Bengal. The average total catch rate and bycatch rate in 66 hauls from January 2017 to December 2019 were 35.46 kg/h and 9.70 kg/h respectively. Bycatch biomass was mainly contributed by Teleostei (77.90%), of which the dominant species was Equuilites lineolatus. Temporal variations in bycatch composition were recorded, and average seasonal dissimilarity ranged between 35.03% and 59.61%. Juvenile percentages varied among six commercial species from 1.42 to 28.0, and their occurrences were related to their peak spawning seasons. The trophic index of bycatch calculated was 3.65. Species diversity and richness in bycatch were higher during post-monsoon and summer seasons. Biomass and abundance plots indicated the bycatch fauna to be relatively unstressed during most seasons. Trawling marginally above the bottom had improved ecological outcomes; as evident from the decreased proportion of bycatch to total trawl catch, reduced growth overfishing from lower juvenile proportions and within optima for various diversity indicators.

    Item Type: Article
    Uncontrolled Keywords: Diversity; Experimental trawling; Juvenile fish; Target catch; Trophic level
    Subjects: Marine Fisheries > Fisheries Management
    Aquaculture > Fisheries Management

    Marine Fisheries
    Marine Fisheries > Bottom Trawling
    Divisions: CMFRI-Mangalore
    CMFRI-Visakhapatnam
    CMFRI-Kochi > Marine Capture > Finfish Fisheries Division
    Subject Area > CMFRI > CMFRI-Kochi > Marine Capture > Finfish Fisheries Division
    CMFRI-Kochi > Marine Capture > Finfish Fisheries Division
    Subject Area > CMFRI-Kochi > Marine Capture > Finfish Fisheries Division
    Depositing User: Arun Surendran
    Date Deposited: 31 Jan 2024 04:29
    Last Modified: 31 Jan 2024 04:29
    URI: http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/id/eprint/17965

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