Manipulation of fatty acids in the estuarine clam Meretrix casta (Gmelin, 1791) by supplementation with the microalgal diet, Isochrysis galbana

Jayasankar, Vidya and Kizhakudan, Joe K and Margaret Muthu Rathinam, A and Santhosi, I and Rajendran, P and Thiagu, R (2012) Manipulation of fatty acids in the estuarine clam Meretrix casta (Gmelin, 1791) by supplementation with the microalgal diet, Isochrysis galbana. Indian Journal of Fisheries, 59 (3). pp. 99-102.

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Abstract

The present study evaluated the changes in fatty acid profile of the estuarine clam Meretrix casta, an important food organism used in the larval rearing of scyllarid lobsters, after supplementation with the microalgal species Isochrysis galbana. The uptake and assimilation of lipids from the microalgal feed were verified by gas chromatographic analysis of fatty acids in the clam tissues after eight days of feeding with I. galbana. Increase in concentrations of polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA), in particular docosahexaenoic acid (DHA, C22:6n3) and C18:2n-6, was observed in clams supplemented with I. galbana. Changes in monounsaturated fatty acid (MUFA) composition were less marked and related to the increasing proportions of C18:1, after supplementation. Feeding with I. galbana also induced a decrease in the proportion of saturated fatty acids, which was related to decrease in proportions of both C16:0 and C18:0. Although the fatty acid composition showed significant differences, the gross lipid content of the clam tissues did not seem to be excessively influenced by the algal feeding. Tissues from clams supplemented with I. galbana are being evaluated as feed for sand lobster larval trials.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Clam; Fatty acid; Isochrysis galbana; Meretrix casta; Microalgae; Supplementation
Subjects:Biochemistry > Bioactive compounds
Molluscan Fisheries > Clam
Algae
Divisions:CMFRI-Madras (Chennai)
ID Code:9113
Deposited By:Arun Surendran
Deposited On:04 Dec 2012 09:39
Last Modified:04 Dec 2012 09:56

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