Ganga, U and Elayathu, M N K and Prakasan, D and Rajool Shanis, C P and Akhilesh, K V and Ratheesh, T B (2012) Resource dynamics of the Indo-Pacific sailfish Istiophorus platypterus (Shaw, 1792) from the south-eastern Arabian Sea. Indian Journal of Fisheries, 59 (3). pp. 61-64.
The average billfish catch from the Indian EEZ during 2002-2007 was 4561 t which increased to 7856 t during 2008-2010, and nearly 80% of this was caught from the Arabian Sea by drift gillnet cum longline units. In the Indian Ocean region, billfishes (marlins, swordfish and sailfish) are considered as data deficient resource in the IOTC database. The sailfish Istiophorus platypterus (Shaw, 1792) was the major component of the billfish catch at Cochin Fisheries Harbour from where a fleet of gillnet cum longline units are regularly operated for oceanic fishes such as yellowfin tuna, seerfishes and pelagic sharks, besides billfishes. Length range of sailfish landed during 2005-2008 was 80-230 cm with inter-year variations in size groups contributing to the fishery. Length-weight relationship was estimated as 0.024 L 2.65 while growth parameters L∞ and K (annual) were estimated as 262 cm and 1.0 respectively. Diet preferences of fishes in the size range 180-227 cm indicated percent occurrence of fish as 81% followed by crabs (31%) and molluscs (25%). Trigger fishes (Balistes spp.) dominated the gut contents, followed by carangids like Selar spp. and Decapterus spp. Ova diameter of vitellogenic oocytes in ripe gonad with hydrated eggs ranged from 200 to 1300 μ with a major mode at 700 μ and a minor mode at 1200 μ, indicating hydrated eggs are released in batches at probably close intervals. Absolute fecundity from a ripe stage ovary was estimated as 20,97,481 eggs (1750 eggs per g ovary weight) with hydrated eggs forming about 31% of the total eggs, giving a batch fecundity of about 541 eggs per g ovary weight. Exploitation rate (E) indicated that although billfishes are considered as bycatch in the targeted fisheries for yellowfin tuna and pelagic sharks, the considerable number of fishing units operating for targeted tuna fishing has resulted in heavy fishing pressure (E=>0.6) on the sailfish resource during certain years.
|Uncontrolled Keywords:||Biology; Growth parameters; Istiophorus platypterus; Population dynamics; Sailfish|
|Divisions:||CMFRI-Cochin > Marine Capture > Pelagic Fisheries|
|Deposited By:||Arun Surendran|
|Deposited On:||17 Nov 2012 10:22|
|Last Modified:||17 Nov 2012 10:22|
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