Polymicrobial skin lesions in the red spot emperor, Lethrinus lentjan (Lacepede 1802) during mass incursion towards shore along Kanyakumari coast, south India

Lipton, A P and Kingsly, H Jose and Udayakumar, A and Aishwarya, M S and Sarika, A R (2011) Polymicrobial skin lesions in the red spot emperor, Lethrinus lentjan (Lacepede 1802) during mass incursion towards shore along Kanyakumari coast, south India. Indian Journal of Fisheries, 58 (3). pp. 129-133.

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Abstract

Mass incursion of fishes with polymicrobial skin lesions, fin erosions and scale loss was recorded in the red spot emperor Lethrinus lentjan (Lacepede 1802) along the Kanyakumari coast, south India during August 2009. An estimated 2.5 t of fish, mostly the red spot emperors were found to migrate in live condition to the shore areas in a stressful state. Microbiological analyses of tissue from sampled fishes revealed three distinct types of bacterial colonies forming 5.2 x 105 CFU g-1 of the infected tissues. The predominant bacterial colonies were characterized as Aeromonas sp. (70.0%) followed by Flavobacterium sp. (20%) and Vibrio sp. (10%). The Aeromonas isolate was highly susceptible to norfloxacin while the Flavobacterium and Vibrio isolates were susceptible to chloramphenicol. The Aeromonas and Vibrio isolates exhibited protease and amylase enzyme activities in vitro, suggesting their possible role in the progression of skin lesions and scale loss. The possibilities of ambient unknown stressors weakening the fish and subsequent infections by these bacterial isolates are discussed.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Aeromonas; Flavobacterium; Polymicrobial skin lesion; Red spot emperor; Vibrio
Subjects:Fish Diseases
Divisions:CMFRI-Vizhinjam
ID Code:8763
Deposited By:Arun Surendran
Deposited On:31 Oct 2011 10:17
Last Modified:07 Jan 2014 11:38

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