VIII Chank fisheries and Industrial uses of Chank

Nayar, K Nagappan and Mahadevan, S (1974) VIII Chank fisheries and Industrial uses of Chank. In: CMFRI Bulletin No.25, The commercial molluscs of India. Nair, R V and Rao, K Satyanarayana,(eds.) CMFRI, Mandapam Camp, pp. 122-140.

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Abstract

The fishery for the chank in the southest coast of India has been the regular calling of the fishermen of the region from time immemorial. A look at the statistics of chank landings for the recent years from the important areas of fishing will show (Tables XV to XX) the large quantities of chank fished annually. But for a negligible percentage of these, the entire stock goes to Bengal where there is an organised small-scale industry for chank bangles. About 12,000-13,000 artisans in West Bengal are engaged in this profession. The present level of supply is found to be far below their requirements since the chanks which otherwise they can get from the Ceylon coast are not available now as in the pre-independance days. This is because of the fact that in those days the Ceylonfishery was conducted with the help of divers drawn from India. Now these divers are not allowed to go there as a result of which thefishery in Ceylon has suffered a great set-back. This has considerably helped the chank fishing in India to prosper. It is felt that if a proper survey of the chank resources of our waters is undertaken and if the tempo of the expolitation is increased, there is every possibility of the chank industry expanding further. This will give greater profits to thefishermen and the people who are engaged in the chank bangle industry and greater revenue to the Governments of the states where chank fisheries exist. The following account is presented with the object of drawing the attention of scientists to the existing chank fisheries of India and to indicate the possiblities for expansion of the fisheries based on (a) the results of a preliminary survey conducted to find out the extent of chank beds notably in the Gulf of Mannar and (b) on the effectiveness of modem methods of exploitation.

Item Type:Book Section
Uncontrolled Keywords:Chank fisheries
Subjects:Molluscan Fisheries
Divisions:CMFRI-Cochin > Marine Capture > Molluscan Fisheries
ID Code:653
Deposited By:Edwin Joseph
Deposited On:25 May 2010 16:44
Last Modified:25 May 2010 16:44

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