Toxicity of ammonia to the larvae of Penaeus indicus H. Milne Edwards

Jayasankar, P and Muthu, M S (1983) Toxicity of ammonia to the larvae of Penaeus indicus H. Milne Edwards. Indian Journal of Fisheries, 30 (1). pp. 1-12.


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Short-term experiments revealed a progressive increase in tolerance of the larval stages of Penaeus indicus to ammonia. 24-h LC30 values for nauplius, protozoea and mysis were 3.58 mg ammonia N/l (0.29 mg NH3-N/I), 17.86 mg ammonia- Nil (0.95 mg NHyN) and 46.01 mg ammonia-Nil O.lTmgNHj-N/I). respectively. 48-h LCjo value for protozoea was 16.8 mg ammonia-N per liter (1.18 mg NH3-N/I. Long-term chronic-toxicity experiments on nauplius to postlarva-1 showed that the 9-day incipient LCjo level was 11.99 ppm of ammonia-N{l (0.93 ppm NH3-N). The ECjo (the concentration at which the percentage of larvae that metamorphosed to postlarvae was reduced to 50% of that of the controls) for ammonia was 3.23 ppm ammonia-N11 (0.25 ppm NH3-N). "Safe level" of ammonia that should be maintained in the sea water used for larval rearing was calculated on the basis of incipient LC50 value as 1.2 mg ammonia-N/! or 0.093 ppm NH3-N/I. More sensitive estimate of "safe level" based on EC 50 value was 0.32 ppm ammonia-N|! or 0. 25 ppm NH3-N.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Toxicity; ammonia; larvae; Penaeus indicus
Subjects: Crustacean Fisheries > Prawn and Prawn fisheries
Divisions: CMFRI-Cochin > Physiology and Nutrition Pathology
Depositing User: Dr. V Mohan
Date Deposited: 10 May 2010 06:19
Last Modified: 09 Sep 2015 15:07

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