Sustainable marine fisheries development

Pillai, N G K and Ganga, U (2008) Sustainable marine fisheries development. [Teaching Resource]

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Abstract

Fisheries development concerns the processes leading to the progress in harvesting, processing, marketing and utilizing the yields from the natural resources of aquatic animals and plants for the benefit of the people and the country. Fishing has been one of the oldest methods of gathering food adopted by people living close to seas / rivers and was a small scale, sustenance level community based activity. Fisheries development has progressed considerably since World War II and the estimates of world marine capture fisheries production was 84.2 5 million metric tons in the year 2005 (FAO, 2006). While in the past, fisheries resources far exceeded the human capacity to exploit them, since the last two decades, technological changes have paved the way for a situation where increasing annual catches of fish is no longer a simple matter of increasing fishing effort. The rate of increase in fish production is increasingly becoming difficult to maintain as a consequence of many of the stocks having reached or even exceeded their limits of sustainable exploitation. Fish is a significant contributor to the livelihood, nutritional, trade and economic security of countries and hence concerns are being voiced about the rational development and management of fisheries where new terminologies like “sustainable development” and “responsible fishing” are currently being widely used.

Item Type:Teaching Resource
Uncontrolled Keywords:Bivalve resources; Malabar; Meretrix casta; Villorita cyprinoides; Paphia malabarica;
Subjects:Marine Fisheries
Divisions:CMFRI-Cochin > Marine Capture > Pelagic Fisheries
ID Code:3741
Deposited By:INVALID USER
Deposited On:08 Sep 2010 17:00
Last Modified:11 Nov 2010 15:41

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