Characterization of Filisoma argusum n. sp. (Acanthocephala: Cavisomatidae Meyer, 1932) infecting the spotted scat, Scatophagus argus (Linnaeus, 1766) from the Indian coast

Kaur, Pinky and Shamal, P and Chandran, Archana and Sharma, S R Krupesha and Sanil, N K (2021) Characterization of Filisoma argusum n. sp. (Acanthocephala: Cavisomatidae Meyer, 1932) infecting the spotted scat, Scatophagus argus (Linnaeus, 1766) from the Indian coast. Parasitology Research, 120. pp. 2505-2521.

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Abstract

The present paper describes Filisoma argusum n. sp. (Cavisomatidae), an acanthocephalan parasite infecting the intestine of the spotted scat, Scatophagus argus (Linnaeus, 1766), in the south-west coast of India. The prevalence is 18% (mean intensity: 1.61 and abundance: 1–4 worms/host). Filisoma argusum n. sp. is morphologically characterized by a creamy-white, cylindrical, elongate, aspinose, and robust trunk; a collar-like neck; and a cylindrical proboscis with 18–20 longitudinal rows of hooks, with 19–22 hooks/row. Proboscis receptacle long, double-walled. Lemnisci digitiform, equal, longer than proboscis receptacle. Females 79.14 ± 33.69 × 0.593 ± 0.19 mm; males 32.62 ± 2.98 × 0.46 ± 0.071 mm. Males with four cement glands; bulbous muscular copulatory bursa with six digitiform rays. SEM studies revealed smooth hooks, sensory pits, and epidermal micropores. Histopathological changes at the site of parasite attachment included inflammation, hemorrhage, sloughing of epithelium, and detachment of mucosal layer of the intestine. In molecular and phylogenetic analyses, the parasite occupied an independent position within the Cavisomatidae clade with high bootstrap values for both ITS1-5.8S and ITS2, and mt-CO1 regions. Considering the morphologic and morphometric differences with previously described species of Filisoma along with its phylogenetic positioning, the present acanthocephalan is treated as a new species and the name Filisoma argusum n. sp. is proposed

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: DNA; Taxonomy; Filisoma argusum n. sp.; Phylogeny; Histopathology; Vembanad Lake; India
Subjects: Invertebrata > Parasites
Algae > Bacteria
Fish and Fisheries > Fish Pathology
Algae
Demersal Fishes
Divisions: CMFRI-Kochi > Marine Biotechnology
Subject Area > CMFRI > CMFRI-Kochi > Marine Biotechnology
CMFRI-Kochi > Marine Biotechnology
Subject Area > CMFRI-Kochi > Marine Biotechnology
Depositing User: Arun Surendran
Date Deposited: 26 Oct 2021 10:33
Last Modified: 24 Nov 2021 07:14
URI: http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/id/eprint/15432

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