Growth and survival of spat, juveniles and adult Akoya pearl oyster Pinctada imbricata fucata (Gould, 1850) in different rearing conditions and stocking densities

Mary Rinju, R and Anil, M K and Sherly Williams, E (2020) Growth and survival of spat, juveniles and adult Akoya pearl oyster Pinctada imbricata fucata (Gould, 1850) in different rearing conditions and stocking densities. Indian Journal of Fisheries, 67 (1). pp. 64-71.

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    Abstract

    Growth trials were conducted using hatchery produced spat of Pinctada imbricata fucata (Gould, 1850) having average dorso-ventral measurement (DVM) of 3.99 mm, hinge length (HL) 3.94 mm, thickness (THK) 1.25 mm and weight (WGT) 0.008 g. The first experiment was a comparative growth assessment of spat grown in one ton FRP tanks in the hatchery and with that of spat reared in micron meshed cages under open sea conditions for a period of three months. During the third month, spats grown in micron meshed cages showed growth increments of 7.83 mm (DVM), 4.86 mm (HL), 1.61 mm (THK) and 0.192 g (WGT) whereas those grown in FRP tanks grew only by 0.95 mm (DVM), 0.5 mm (HL), 0.46 mm (THK) and 0.004 g (WGT) indicating faster growth in open sea conditions. Second experiment was conducted to elucidate the effect of stocking density on the growth and survival of juveniles reared in plastic baskets at different stocking densities viz., 200 (0.03 nos. cm-3) , 300 (0.049 nos. cm-3), 400 (0.065 nos. cm-3), 500 (0.08 nos. cm-3), 600 (0.098 nos. cm-3), 700 (0.11 nos.cm-3), 800 (0.13 nos. cm-3), 900 (0.14 nos. cm-3) and 1000 (0.16 nos. cm-3) numbers per basket. Results indicated that P. imbricata fucata juveniles can be grown at stocking densities of upto 400 nos per basket for a period of five months with 90% survival without much reduction in growth. Third experiment was conducted on the growth of P. imbricata fucata subadults in box cages at different stocking densities viz., 200 (0.006 nos. cm-3), 300 (0.01 nos. cm-3), 400 (0.013 nos. cm-3), 500 (0.016 nos. cm-3), 600 (0.02 nos. cm-3), 700 (0.023 nos. cm-3), 800 (0.026 nos. cm-3), 900 (0.03 nos. cm-3) and 1000 (nos. cm-3) numbers per cage. Survival rates ranged from 98.5 to 98.6% at stocking densities up to 400 nos. per cage during the fifth month without any significant variation in the DVM, HL and THK of oysters.

    Item Type: Article
    Uncontrolled Keywords: Box cages, Growth, Physicochemical parameters, Pinctada imbricata fucata, Plastic baskets
    Subjects: Molluscan Fisheries > Pearl oyster
    Molluscan Fisheries
    Divisions: CMFRI-Vizhinjam
    CMFRI-Kochi > Marine Capture > Molluscan Fisheries
    Subject Area > CMFRI > CMFRI-Kochi > Marine Capture > Molluscan Fisheries
    CMFRI-Kochi > Marine Capture > Molluscan Fisheries
    Subject Area > CMFRI-Kochi > Marine Capture > Molluscan Fisheries
    Depositing User: Arun Surendran
    Date Deposited: 22 Apr 2020 08:52
    Last Modified: 22 Apr 2020 08:52
    URI: http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/id/eprint/14173

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