Fishery and biology of penaeid prawn Parapenaeopsis maxillipedo Alcock along Chennai (Madras) coast

Thangaraj Subramanian, V (2000) Fishery and biology of penaeid prawn Parapenaeopsis maxillipedo Alcock along Chennai (Madras) coast. Indian Journal of Fisheries, 47 (3). pp. 175-184.

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Abstract

Parapenaeopsis maxillipedo supported a steadily increasing fishery along the Chennai coast with the average annual catch of 326 t at the catch rate of 1.40 kg/hr contributing 11.8% of prawn landings in 1990-'99. The catches were more abundant in June-September and poor in summer months of April-May. Females were relatively more in number and larger in size. The overall sex-ratio for 1992- '95 was 65.9 : 34.1% in favour of females. The length weight relationship was: Ln W = -3.9469 + 2.7077 Ln L for male and Ln W = -4.3493 + 2.8914 Ln L for female. The growth factors were: L°° = 108.0 mm and K = 2.61/year for males L°° = 117.8 mm and K = 2.21/year for females. The species had a short life span and only small fraction of the population could survive in the second year of life. Higher recruitment was recorded during February-March, June and September- October which was apparently linked to the greatbi spawning spells during June, October and February. The mortality rates were : Z = 7.4713, M = 4.3728 and F = 3.0985 for males and Z = 8.6939, M = 3.8301 and F = 4.8638 for females. These estimates gave an average exploitation rate of 0.49, that, with MSY of 304.7 t against the average catch of 326.4 t, indicated that the species had been in the level of optimum fishing intensity during the study period.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Fishery biology; penaeid prawn; Parapenaeopsis maxillipedo; Chennai
Subjects:Crustacean Fisheries > Prawn and Prawn fisheries
Marine Biology > Biology
Divisions:CMFRI-Cochin > Marine Capture > Crustacean Fisheries
ID Code:140
Deposited By:Dr. V Mohan
Deposited On:15 Mar 2010 16:02
Last Modified:15 Mar 2010 18:06

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