Prospects for Seaweed Cultivation in India for Local and Export Market

Kaladharan, P (2017) Prospects for Seaweed Cultivation in India for Local and Export Market. In: Souvenir: Aqua Aquaria India 2017. Marine Products Export Development Authority, Mangaluru, pp. 133-140.

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    Abstract

    Seaweeds or marine macro algae consist of taxonomically distinguished groups of Chlorophyta (green seaweeds), Phaeophyta (brown seaweeds) and Rhodophyta (red seaweeds). They are generally found attached to hard substrata such as rocks, pebbles, dead corals or other hard structures in the intertidal or subtidal regions of the sea.Seaweeds are valued for the natural source of phycocolloids like agar-agar, algin and carrageenan. A number of tropical seaweeds including green algae {Ulva, Enteromorpha, Monostroma, Caulerpa) brown seaweeds {Dictyota, Laminaria, Cladosiphon, Podina) and red seaweeds (GracUoria, Porphyra, Eucheuma) are eaten directly (sea vegetables) for their minerals, vitamins, proteins, essential amino acids and low fat content. The major economic significance of seaweeds is the polysaccharides (agar, algin, carrageenan, agarose, etc) certain red and brown seaweed species contain. According to the FAO data base during 2008, total world production of marine algae was estimated to 15.8 million tonnes (wet weight) equivalent to the value of 87.4 million US $ with 99.8 percent by weight and 99.5 percent by value contributed by Asian region alone (FAO., 2011).

    Item Type: Book Section
    Uncontrolled Keywords: Seaweed Cultivation
    Subjects: Algae > Seaweed
    Divisions: CMFRI-Kochi > Marine Capture > Molluscan Fisheries
    Subject Area > CMFRI > CMFRI-Kochi > Marine Capture > Molluscan Fisheries
    CMFRI-Kochi > Marine Capture > Molluscan Fisheries
    Subject Area > CMFRI-Kochi > Marine Capture > Molluscan Fisheries
    Depositing User: Arun Surendran
    Date Deposited: 20 Jun 2017 09:03
    Last Modified: 20 Jun 2017 09:03
    URI: http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/id/eprint/11936

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