Studies on taxonomy, distribution, ecology and reproductive potential of rotifers from selected centres in Cochin backwater system, Kerala

Varghese, Molly (2006) Studies on taxonomy, distribution, ecology and reproductive potential of rotifers from selected centres in Cochin backwater system, Kerala. ["eprint_fieldopt_thesis_type_phd" not defined] thesis, Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute. Submitted to Cochin University of Science and Technology.

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    Abstract

    The studies were conducted in nine stations with varying ecological characteristics along Cochin backwaters and adjoining canals. Many workers opined that the distribution of rotifers is cosmopolitan. The significance of rotifers as first food for early larvae was indicated by Fujita. Aquaculture is a fast growing field in fisheries sector and it is gaining more importance as the fish landings and supply are getting irregular. A consistent supply of fish/shellfish can only be achieved through aquaculture. The success of any culture activity depends on the timely production of seeds of finfishes/shellfishes. The availability of wild seed is seasonal and erratic. So, a dependable source of seed of fishes and shellfishes is possible only through large scale production in hatchery. A successful seed production activity depends on the availability of a variety of suitable live feed organisms in sufficient quantities at the proper time for use in the larval stages. As the live feeds promote high growth rates, easy digestion, assimilation and the quality of not contaminating the culture water when compared to other artificial feeds, make the culture of live feed organisms the principal means of providing food for the larvae of finfishes and shellfishes. Rotifers are considered to be an excellent and indispensable food for larvae of many finfishes and crustaceans. It (1960) was the first to culture Brachionus plicatilis for feeding marine fish larvae, and now it is being extensively used as live feed in hatcheries all over the world. They are a group of microscopic organisms coming under the Phylum Rotifera which comprises of about 2000 species. Their slow swimming habits, ability to tolerate a wide range of salinities, parthenogenetic mode of reproduction and ability to get enriched easily, make rotifers an ideal live feed organism. The major factors such as temperature, salinity and food that influence the reproductive potential and thereby the population size of rotifer, Salinity is one of the most important aspect influencing the reproductive rate of rotifers. The feed type and feed concentration play a vital role in influencing the reproductive rate of rotifers. For culture of rotifers, the commonly used micro algae belong to Chlorella, Nannochloropsis, Isochrysis and Tetraselmis. While some studies have suggested that, algal diet has little effect on reproductive rates in 1979 while using the rotifer, Brachionus plicatilis as feed for the larvae of red sea bream, Pagrus major. It is generally accepted that rotifers play a pivotal role in the successful rearing of marine fish larvae.

    Item Type: Thesis (["eprint_fieldopt_thesis_type_phd" not defined])
    Uncontrolled Keywords: taxonomy; distribution; ecology; reproductive potential; rotifers; Cochin backwater system; Kerala
    Subjects: Theses
    Invertebrata > Rotifer
    Divisions: CMFRI-Kochi > Biodiversity
    Subject Area > CMFRI > CMFRI-Kochi > Biodiversity
    CMFRI-Kochi > Biodiversity
    Subject Area > CMFRI-Kochi > Biodiversity
    Depositing User: Arun Surendran
    Date Deposited: 31 May 2014 03:57
    Last Modified: 09 Sep 2015 15:59
    URI: http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/id/eprint/10095

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