Energy efficiency and economics of small-scale fisheries (SSF) in India: A VIKOR based multicriteria decision-making model for sustainable fisheries management

Swathi Lekshmi, P S and Kalidoss, Radhakrishnan and Narayanakumar, R and Vipinkumar, V P and Surya, S and Divu, D and Gopal, Nikita and Kingsly, H Jose and Leslie, V A and Mojjada, Suresh Kumar and Tade, Mayur Shivdas and Subramanian, Aarsha and Gopalakrishnan, A (2024) Energy efficiency and economics of small-scale fisheries (SSF) in India: A VIKOR based multicriteria decision-making model for sustainable fisheries management. Journal of Cleaner Production, 450. pp. 1-16. ISSN 1879-1786

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    The present study addresses the crucial sustainability concerns in small-scale fisheries (SSF) against the backdrop of escalating anthropogenic activities and climate change impacts on marine fishery and ecosystems. Our study focused on a traditional fishery exploitation area spanning 12,646.12 km2 along the Southwestern Coast of Kerala, India, and explored four widely used fishing gears. We established an integrated decision-making VIKOR framework, and preferential modelling by incorporating techno-economic and environmental aspects to draw the optimal solutions. Leveraging 10 sustainability indicators, the boat seine emerged as the most sustainable gear, showcasing significant profitability (US$ 16,126/year−1 net profit) and remarkable energy efficiency, surpassing gillnetters, longliners, and shore seiners by 8.4, 4.9, and 3.0 times, respectively. The Fuel Use Intensity (FUI) and CO2 emissions analysis (F value = 58.37, P < 0.0001) emphasizes the ecological implications. The developed VIKOR sustainability index, introduced in this study, effectively assesses gear efficiency and sustainability. Further, the study revealed that gear selectivity, technical specifications, and operational trajectories considerably influence the index dynamics. This research aligns with the global commitment to the Voluntary Guidelines for Securing Sustainable Small-Scale Fisheries (SSF Guidelines) and contributes scientifically to Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). By bridging empirical rigor with international frameworks, the study could aid in sustainable fisheries management and environmental stewardship, deemed essential for the global pursuit of ecological, economic, and social sustainability in small-scale fisheries.

    Item Type: Article
    Uncontrolled Keywords: Small-scale fisheries; Fuel use intensity; Sustainability; Energy efficiency; CO2 emission; Economic profitability
    Subjects: Marine Fisheries > Marine Fishing
    Socio Economics and Extension > Fisheries Economics
    Socio Economics and Extension > Fisheries Extension
    Marine Fisheries > Fisheries Management
    Aquaculture > Fisheries Management
    Divisions: CMFRI-Veraval
    Depositing User: Arun Surendran
    Date Deposited: 26 Mar 2024 04:37
    Last Modified: 26 Mar 2024 04:37

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