Market structure analysis of fish markets in coastal districts of West Bengal

Roul, Subal Kumar and Raju, S S and Jeeva, Charles J and Shyam, S Salim and Mukherjee, Indranil and Pattnaik, Phalguni (2022) Market structure analysis of fish markets in coastal districts of West Bengal. Marine Fisheries Information Service, Technical and Extension Series, 253. pp. 26-30. ISSN 0254-380X

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    Abstract

    West Bengal with three coastal viz., North 24-Parganas, South 24-Parganas and East Medinipur with 49 marine fish landing centres (3.9% of total marine fish landing centers of India), with about 81,067 fishermen families comprising of 3.69 lakh fisher folks (9.5% of the total fisher folk population of India) residing in 171 marine fishing villages (5.7% of the total marine fishing villages of India). Most of the fisher folk (about 70%) are traditional fishermen (Marine Fisheries Census, 2016). A major chunk (about 55,301 families) of the fisher population is socio-economically vulnerable as they are below poverty level and about 81% of the fishermen houses are Kutcha houses and 19% are Pucca houses. Despite Covid 19 lockdowns and the devastating Amphan cyclone, in the year 2020, the estimated marine fish landings was 2.60 lakh tonnes compared to 2.49 lakh tonnes in 2019 (CMFRI-Marine Fish Landings in India, 2020). The coastal districts South 24 Parganas and East Medinipur respectively contributed 49% and 51% of the total marine fish landings, with contribution of pelagic (49%), demersal (32%), crustacean (16%) and molluscan (3%) resources. About 4,014 mechanized crafts and 6,564 motorized and 476 non-motorized crafts are engaged in marine fishing activities in the state (Table 1). The mechanized and motorized sectors contributed 89.7% and 10.1% of the total landings respectively, while the non-motorized sector contributed only 0.2%. Although gill netters form 33% of the total fishing crafts in the state, major portion (about 60%) of the marine resources are landed by trawlers in West Bengal, mainly consisting of anchovies, penaeid shrimps, croakers, Bombay duck, pomfrets and Hilsa.

    Item Type: Article
    Uncontrolled Keywords: fish market; Market structure; coastal districts; West Bengal
    Subjects: Socio Economics and Extension > Fish Marketing
    Socio Economics and Extension > Fisheries Economics
    Marine Fisheries > Fisheries Management
    Aquaculture > Fisheries Management

    Marine Fisheries > Equipments
    Divisions: CMFRI-Visakhapatnam
    CMFRI-Digha
    Depositing User: Arun Surendran
    Date Deposited: 23 Jan 2023 07:02
    Last Modified: 23 Jan 2023 07:02
    URI: http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/id/eprint/16624

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