Longitudinal disease studies in small-holder black tiger shrimp (Penaeus monodon) farms in Andhra Pradesh, India. I. High prevalence of WSSV infection and low incidence of disease outbreaks in BMP ponds

Walker, Peter J and Gudkovs, Nicholas and Padiyar, P A and Stalin Raj, V and Balakrishnan, Pradeep and Sergeant, Evan and Chandra Mohan, A B and Ravibabu, G and Vijayan, K K and Karunasagar, Indrani and Santiago, T C and Mohan, C V (2011) Longitudinal disease studies in small-holder black tiger shrimp (Penaeus monodon) farms in Andhra Pradesh, India. I. High prevalence of WSSV infection and low incidence of disease outbreaks in BMP ponds. Aquaculture, 318. pp. 277-282.

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    Abstract

    A longitudinal study was conducted from January to August 2005 in small-holder black tiger shrimp (Penaeus monodon) ponds in the West Godavari District of Andhra Pradesh, India (16°25′ N, 81°19′ E). The study involved 457 ponds owned by low-income farmers participating in a better management practice (BMP) programme. Disease outbreaks occurred in 16.6% of ponds. There was significant spatial clustering of disease outbreaks with 31 (40.8%) of the 76 recorded disease outbreaks occurring in a single village block. Bivariate analysis indicated a 1.6-fold higher likelihood of disease outbreaks from nursery-stocked ponds but this was not significant in multivariate analysis due to the confounding effect of pond location. There was evidence of increasing prevalence of WSSV infection during grow-out. WSSV was detected in 5.9% of 119 batches of postlarvae tested at stocking, 38.2% of 34 juvenile batches collected at the time of transfer to grow-out ponds, and 47.0% of 336 pond stock tested at normal harvest or crop failure. WSSV was detected in 43 of 59 (72.9%) disease outbreak ponds tested and 115 of 277 (41.5%) non-outbreak ponds tested. Heavy WSSV infection was detected at harvest in 116 of the 336 (34.5%) of the ponds tested, including 78 ponds for which no outbreak was recorded. Duration of crop was recorded for 431 ponds with a mean of 117.0 days and a range of 20 to 176 days. Median duration was significantly shorter for disease outbreak ponds (68.5 days) compared to nonoutbreak ponds (119.0 days). Duration of crop also varied according to WSSV detection levels at harvest, with median duration for ponds classified as heavy WSSV infection (108.5 days) significantly shorter than for ponds classified as either light WSSV infection (116.0 days) or WSSV-negative (116.5 days). The study indicated a high risk of WSSV infection during grow-out but a relatively low incidence of disease despite a high prevalence of heavy WSSV infection in non-outbreak ponds.

    Item Type: Article
    Uncontrolled Keywords: Shrimp; Penaeus monodon; Disease; White spot syndrome virus
    Subjects: Fish Diseases
    Divisions: CMFRI-Kochi > Marine Biotechnology
    Subject Area > CMFRI > CMFRI-Kochi > Marine Biotechnology
    CMFRI-Kochi > Marine Biotechnology
    Subject Area > CMFRI-Kochi > Marine Biotechnology
    Depositing User: Arun Surendran
    Date Deposited: 19 Feb 2014 11:01
    Last Modified: 09 Sep 2015 15:57
    URI: http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/id/eprint/9887

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