Seagrass distribution and its vulnerability in India

Sulochanan, Bindu (2012) Seagrass distribution and its vulnerability in India. [Teaching Resource]


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    The coastal vegetation is of specialized nature, which grows under different conditions with one ecosystem linked to the other including the coral reefs. The vegetation can be classified into four groups 1. Marine algae or seaweeds 2. Seagrasses, 3. Mangroves and 4. Sanddune vegetation,which grows on a sandy shore beyond the highest high tide level. Seagrasses are submerged angiospermic monocotyledon plants. They are adapted to the marine environment and complete their life cycle underwater In contrast to other submerged marine plants (e.g. seaweeds), sea grasses flower, fruit and produce seeds. They also have true roots and internal system for the transport of gases and nutrient. They generally grow in shallow coastal water from the inter-tidal zone to depths up to 10m. In turbid estuarine environment, such as the Indian coast, where there is an enormous deposition of silt into the sea by major rivers, sea grasses are rarely encountered at depths below 10m. In less turbid areas, such as the Caribbean sea and Australian coast, sea grasses can be found at depths of 50m or more.

    Item Type: Teaching Resource
    Uncontrolled Keywords: Seagrass distribution; vulnerability; India
    Subjects: Marine Botany > Seagrass
    Marine Fisheries > Conservation
    Divisions: CMFRI-Mangalore
    Depositing User: Arun Surendran
    Date Deposited: 03 Feb 2014 06:11
    Last Modified: 29 Mar 2023 05:05

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