Epitope analysis of white spot syndrome virus of Penaeus monodon by in vivo neutralization assay employing a panel of monoclonal antibodies

Patil, R and Shankar, K M and Sharma, S R Krupesha and Kulkarni, Amod and Patil, Prakash and Naveen Kumar, B T and Sahoo, A K (2011) Epitope analysis of white spot syndrome virus of Penaeus monodon by in vivo neutralization assay employing a panel of monoclonal antibodies. Fish & Shellfish Immunology, 30 (4 & 5). pp. 1007-1013.

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Official URL: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21310244
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    Abstract

    A panel of six monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) against the major envelope proteins VP18, VP26 and VP28 of white spot syndrome virus (WSSV) was evaluated for neutralization of the virus in vivo in Penaeus monodon. WSSV stock diluted to 1 x 10⁻⁶ resulting in 100% mortality on 12 day post injection (dpi) was used as optimum infectious dose of virus for challenge. Constant quantity (100 μg/ml) of MAbs C-5, C-14, C-33, C-38, C-56 and C-72 was incubated separately with WSSV (1 x 10⁻⁶ dilution) at 27 °C for 90 min and injected to shrimp. WSSV infection was neutralized by the MAbs C-5, C-14 and C-33 with a relative percent survival (RPS) of 60, 80 and 60 on 12 dpi, respectively compared to 100% mortality in positive control injected with WSSV alone. MAbs C-38, C-56 and C-72 could neutralize WSSV infection with RPS on 12 dpi of 40, 30 and 30, respectively. Shrimp injected with WSSV (1 x 10⁻⁶ dilution) incubated with panel of the MAbs at 100 μg/ml separately were subjected to nested PCR analysis at 0, 8, 12, 24, 36, 48 and 72 hour post injection (hpi) to provide further evidence for neutralization. MAbs C-5, C-14 and C-33 showed delay in WSSV positivity by 24 and 48 hpi by 2nd and 1st step PCR, respectively. MAbs C-38, C-56 and C-72 showed WSSV positivity by 12 and 24 hpi by 2nd and 1st step PCR, respectively. Shrimp injected with WSSV alone showed WSSV positivity by 8 and 12 hpi by 2nd and 1st step PCR, respectively. The study clearly shows that infectivity of WSSV could be delayed by MAbs C-14, C-5 and C-33.

    Item Type: Article
    Uncontrolled Keywords: Epitope analysis; white spot syndrome virus; Penaeus monodon; vivo neutralization assay; monoclonal antibodies
    Subjects: Fish Biotechnology
    Divisions: CMFRI-Karwar
    Depositing User: Arun Surendran
    Date Deposited: 20 Jun 2013 03:59
    Last Modified: 09 Sep 2015 15:54
    URI: http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/id/eprint/9216

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