Conflicts in Fisheries: Partnerships & Co-management Paradigms

Vipinkumar, V P and Shyam, S Salim (2012) Conflicts in Fisheries: Partnerships & Co-management Paradigms. In: World Trade Agreement and Indian Fisheries Paradigms: A Policy Outlook, 17-26 September 2012, Kochi.

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Abstract

The open access regime existing in the harvesting of marine fishery resources in our country warrants stronger emphasis on invoking technological innovations as well as management paradigms that reconcile livelihood issues with concerns on resource conservation. Innovations do not happen in a socio-political vacuum. It is the extent of partnership between the research and the client system that decides the fate of any technology in terms of its adoption or rejection. Rational utilization of common property resources for sustainable development without endangering the environment is possible through community participation. For more than 6 million fishers and fish farmers, fisheries are a source of livelihood in India. Fisheries sector has recorded faster growth as compared to the agricultural sector in all the decades and is contributing in a significant way to the economic growth of the nation. The vast Exclusive Economic Zone of 2.02 million sq. km of ocean under the possession of India is more than two third of its land area. Marine fishing has been considered as a primary livelihood option since time immemorial, for the occupants of the coastal belt in India. The marine fishery resources of the country include a coastline of 8129 km with numerous creeks and saline water areas, an Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) of 2.02 million km2 which are suitable for capture as well as culture fisheries. The annual harvestable mairne fishery resources in the Indian EEZ have been estimated at about 3.93 million tones constituting more than 50 per cent demersal, 43 per cent pelagic and 6 per cent oceanic groups. (Rao Syda, 2011) Moreover it supports the deprived coastal community with sufficient nutritional security which is otherwise unreachable for such segment. Currently the marine fisheries sector produces about 2.6 million tonnes (2003) of fish per annum. About 3 million people are employed in the primary, secondary and tertiary sector of marine fisheries which provides livelihood security to about 18 to 20 million people. (Sathiadhas, 2007)

Item Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Uncontrolled Keywords:Fisheries; Partnership; Co-management Paradigms
Subjects:Marine Fisheries
Socio Economic and Extension > Fisheries Economics
Divisions:CMFRI-Cochin > Fishery Extension
ID Code:9097
Deposited By:Arun Surendran
Deposited On:15 Nov 2012 12:40
Last Modified:15 Nov 2012 12:40

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