Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures: Objectives and Principles of SPS Agreement and Implications for Indian fisheries sector

Gopal, Nikita and Shyam, S Salim (2012) Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures: Objectives and Principles of SPS Agreement and Implications for Indian fisheries sector. In: World Trade Agreement and Indian Fisheries Paradigms: A Policy Outlook, 17-26 September 2012, Kochi.


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    The basis of much of the world trade today is the governed by the various provisions and agreements of the World Trade Organization (WTO). It is a forum where the rules of global trade are evolved, trade agreements are negotiated and finalized and trade disputes are settled. Generally it supports the premise that there should be a free flow of goods, services, capital and labour across national boundaries and it should be as fair as possible. Historically it began in 1948 with the establishment of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) which became an international organization for international trade matters and negotiations. While the timeline for the agreements of the WTO are rather torturous and long winding, a semblance of concurrence came about after the Uruguay Round of Negotiations which was held during the period 1986-1994, the result of which was the coming into being of the WTO itself on 1st January 2005. The WTO covers most aspects of trade including ‘trade in services, and in traded inventions, creations and designs (intellectual property)’ (htpp:// They are legally accepted by all the countries who are members in the WTO. Till then the agreements went by the name the GATT (General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade). The Agreement on the Agreement on the Application of Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures (the SPS Agreement or SPSA) along with several important agreements came into force from the date of establishment of the World Trade Organization on 1 January 1995. As on May 2012, 155 countries were members in WTO.

    Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
    Uncontrolled Keywords: Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures; SPS Agreement; Indian fisheries sector
    Subjects: Marine Fisheries
    Divisions: CMFRI-Kochi > Fishery Extension
    Subject Area > CMFRI Brochures > CMFRI-Kochi > Fishery Extension
    CMFRI-Kochi > Fishery Extension
    Depositing User: Arun Surendran
    Date Deposited: 15 Nov 2012 07:02
    Last Modified: 09 Sep 2015 15:53

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