Indian Tuna Resources: Distribution, Commercial Exploitation, Utilization and Trade

Abdussamad, E M (2012) Indian Tuna Resources: Distribution, Commercial Exploitation, Utilization and Trade. In: World Trade Agreement and Indian Fisheries Paradigms: A Policy Outlook, 17-26 September 2012, Kochi.

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Abstract

Tuna and tuna-like fishes are important both from global demand and economic view points. They include 40 species occurring in the Atlantic, Indo-Pacific Oceans and in the Mediterranean Sea. Archaeological evidence showed that, tunas being harvested by early Europeans in the area around Sweden, by Native Americans near British Columbia and by the peoples of the Joman culture near Japan. However, industrial fishing for tunas began in the 1950’s and global production has tended to increase continuously from 0.6 million tons in 1950 to over 6 million tons in 2008. Catch of principal market tuna species was estimated as four million tons in 2008, which represented about 67 per cent of the total catch of all tuna and tuna-like fishes. Most of these catches were taken from the Pacific Ocean (70.2 per cent), with the Indian Ocean contributing 20.4 per cent with an estimated catch of 870,000 tonnes and the rest by Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea (9.5 per cent). Major contributors to the global tuna production are skipjack tuna (57.5 per cent), followed by yellowfin tuna (27.1 per cent), bigeye tuna (9.6 per cent), albacore tuna (4.7 per cent) and the rest (10.7 per cent) by other species. According to assessments carried out during 2010 by ICCAT, IOTC, IATTC and WCPFC the international organizations responsible for management of the tuna stocks of in the world Oceans, many tuna stocks are heavily exploited, some unsustainably, and the catches in many cases are declining.

Item Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Uncontrolled Keywords:Indian Tuna Resources; Distribution; Commercial Exploitation; Utilization; Trade
Subjects:Marine Fisheries
Pelagic Fisheries > Tuna fisheries
Divisions:CMFRI-Cochin > Marine Capture > Pelagic Fisheries
ID Code:9075
Deposited By:Arun Surendran
Deposited On:15 Nov 2012 12:28
Last Modified:15 Nov 2012 12:28

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