Marine molluscan diversity in India- exploitation and conservation challenges in the 21st Century

Mohamed, K S (2012) Marine molluscan diversity in India- exploitation and conservation challenges in the 21st Century. In: Marine biodiversity status, opportunities and challenges. Ramachandran, A and Joseph, Aneykutty,(eds.) CUSAT, Kochi, pp. 37-64.

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Abstract

T h e molluscs (soft bodied animals) belong to the large and diverse phylum Molluscs, which includes a variety of familiar animals well-known as decorative shells or as seafood. These range from tiny snails, clams, and abalone to larger organisms such as squid, cuttlefish and the octopus. These molluscs occupy a variety of habitats ranging from mountain forests, freshwater to more than 10 km depth in the sea. They range in size from less than 1 mm to more than 15 m (for example the giant squid) and their popularion density may exceed 40,000/m2 in some areas. In the tropical marine environment, molluscs occupy every trophic level, from primary producers to top carnivores. India has extensive molluscan resources along her coasts. In rhe numerous bays, brackish waters and estuaries and in the seas around the subcontinent; molluscs belonging to different taxonomic groups, such as, mussels, oysters, clams, pearl-oysters, window-pane oysters, ark-shells, whelks, chanks, cowries, squids and curtlefish have been exploited since time immemorial for food, pearls and shells.

Item Type:Book Section
Uncontrolled Keywords:Marine Molluscan Diversity; India; Exploitation; Conservation; Molluscan Diversity; mollusc
Subjects:Molluscan Fisheries
Marine Ecosystems > Coral Reefs > Conservation
Marine Biodiversity
Divisions:CMFRI-Cochin > Marine Capture > Molluscan Fisheries
ID Code:8926
Deposited By:Arun Surendran
Deposited On:30 Mar 2012 16:51
Last Modified:30 Mar 2012 16:51

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