Marine Biodiversity and Its Conservation

Rao, G Syda (2009) Marine Biodiversity and Its Conservation. In: National Seminar on Bioresources and its Management for Food, Livelihood and Environmental Security and National Helminthological Congress, 29-31 December 2009, Mumbai.


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India, with its rich biodiversity and associated traditional knowledge is considered as a megadiverse country. The country has a tradition of conservation and sustainable use of its natural resources. With a coastline of over 8000 km and Exclusive Economic Zone of 2.02 million, India has the respons ib i ity to optimally exploit, devdop and ons rve the In rine livi ng resources up to 200 nautical miles from the coastline. It has been estimated that the Indian Ocean constituting 29% of the global oceans, accounts for 30% of the coral reefs of the world, 10% of mangroves, 13% of the marine organic carbon synthesis, 10% of capture fisheries and 90% of culture fisheries. India has 246 estuaries besides coastal lagoons and backwaters. The wide range of coastal ecosystems of the country is characterized by unique biotic and abiotic properties and processes. Study of the bioresources of India was initiated two to three centuries ago, as surveys and expeditions, mainly by the westerners. This was followed by the setting up of several Central and State-owned institutions and universities which, along with non-government agencies, involved themselves in research on marine bio-resources. As a res ult, India is today one among the few Asian countries with a long record of inventorisation of marine biodiversity.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Marine Biodiversity; Conservation
Subjects: Marine Fisheries > Conservation
Marine Biodiversity
Divisions: CMFRI-Cochin > Biodiversity
Depositing User: Arun Surendran
Date Deposited: 19 Aug 2011 09:18
Last Modified: 09 Sep 2015 15:50

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