Nutritional status and socioeconomic empowerment of fisherwomen in the coastal ecosystem of Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Kerala and Tamil Nadu, India

Khader, Vijaya and Narayanakumar, R and Lakshmi, J and Dhanapal, K and Kasim, H M and Sathiadhas, R and Sudhakara, N S (2006) Nutritional status and socioeconomic empowerment of fisherwomen in the coastal ecosystem of Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Kerala and Tamil Nadu, India. Global Symposium on gender and Fisheries : Seventh Asian Fisheries Forum, 1-2 Dec 2004, Penang, Malaysia . pp. 70-79.

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Abstract

This study was carried out in the coastal areas of Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Kerala and Tamil Nadu. From these states, 13 districts and 28 villages were selected. A total of 5,744 households were covered. Cereal consumption was highest in Andhra Pradesh followed by Kerala, Karnataka and Tamil Nadu. Pulse consumption was high in Kerala when compared to other states. The overall energy intake of the fisherwomen was 1,827 kcal/day; protein intake was 50.6 gm/day; carbohydrate intake was 343.5 gm/day; and fat intake was 27 gm/day. The mean intake of micronutrients was less than the recommended dietary allowance. The mean body mass index was 21.3. The nutritional status of the women was: 49% normal; 17% low normal; 10.5% mildly malnourished; 4% moderately malnourished; and 2.9% severely malnourished. About 11.5% of the fisherwomen were overweight and 4.6% were obese. A subsample of 915 women was clinically observed: 34.8% were diagnosed with angular stomatitis; 31 % with cheelosis; 42.8% with bleeding gums; and 44.2% with dry skin. Some 72% of the women were anemic. An assessment ofthe socioeconomic status indicated that very few households (15.4%) maintained livestock for income generation. About 60% of the fisherwomen carried out post-harvest activities to earn income. Food expenditure comprised 60.7% of the earned income contribvting to the major share of the spending. Debt servicing was a serious problem faced by 44.9% of the respondents who had procured loans mostly from non-institutional sources.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Nutritional status; socioeconomic empowerment; fisherwomen; coastal ecosystem of Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Kerala and Tamil Nadu, India
Subjects:Socio Economic and Extension
Socio Economic and Extension > Fisheries Extension
Divisions:CMFRI-Cochin > Fishery Extension
Contributors
ID Code:7833
Deposited By:Geetha P Mrs
Deposited On:26 Feb 2011 17:26
Last Modified:19 Oct 2011 10:42

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