Overview of the Opportunities in Mariculture in India

Mohan Joseph, M (2003) Overview of the Opportunities in Mariculture in India. In: Product development and seafood safety. Jose, Joseph and Mathew, P T and Joseph, A C and Muraleedharan, V,(eds.) Central Institute of Fisheries Technology, Cochin, pp. 413-416.

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Abstract

India is one of the few countries in the tropical belt which has not adequately utilized the g>:eat opportunities provided by maricultural entrepreneurship. A cursory look at the statistics on the aquaculture production in India reveals interesting data. The area under shrimp farming extends to around 194,000 ha with an average annual production of over 100,000 tons. There are over 260 shrimp hatcheries with an installed capacity of over 11 billion larvae. Currently only 200 of these hatcheries are functional, producing about 7 billion larvae per annum. The feed mills number about 33 with an installed capacity of 150,000 tons. Aquaculture provides direct employment to over 0.3 million persons and ancilliary employment to around 0.7 million others. The maricultural production of shrimps during 2002 was about 115,000 tons and that of scampi through freshwater culture 30,000 tons (MPEDA). The share of culture in the total export of fishery products is around 58 %. Mariculture in India is presently targeted around shrimp culture only. Most of the shrimp farms (90%) have farm sizes below 2 ha. Farms of size 2 to 5 ha are about 6 % and large farms of sizes > 5 ha are only 4 %. The total production of farmed shrimp including scampi from India during the last year was about 145,000tons. The only remarkable shift in the trend was during the past couple of years when new initiatives in bivalve farming emerged as an alternative. During the last year about 1300 tons of marine g>:een mussels and over 350 tons of edible oysters were produced along the south west coast of India.

Item Type:Book Section
Uncontrolled Keywords:Opportunities in Mariculture; India
Subjects:Aquaculture > Mariculture
Divisions:CMFRI-Cochin > Marine Capture
ID Code:7753
Deposited By:Dr. V Mohan
Deposited On:23 Feb 2011 17:00
Last Modified:11 May 2012 16:05

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