Antibacterial activity of marine sponge extracts against fish pathogenic bacteria

Annie Selva Sonia, G and Lipton, A P and Paulraj, R (2008) Antibacterial activity of marine sponge extracts against fish pathogenic bacteria. The Israeli Journal of Aquaculture , 60 (3). pp. 172-176.

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Abstract

Secondary metabolites of the marine sponges Acanthella elongata, Axinella donnani, Callyspongia diffusa, Callyspongia subarmigera, and Echinodictyum gorgonoides were collected from fishing nets and their in vitro antibacterial properties against eight virulent marine fish pathogens were studied at incubation temperatures of 20°C and 30°C. Crude methanol extracts of the tested sponges showed species-specific antibacterial activity. The most active species was A. elongata which inhibited 100% and 87.5% of the tested bacterial isolates at 20°C and 30°C respectively. Callyspongia subarmigera was the least active as it inhibited only 62.5% and 50% of the tested bacteria at those temperatures. Results suggest that fractionation and purification of the crude methanol extract of A. elongata has potential in the development of novel antibiotic substances for managing common bacterial diseases in aquaculture.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Antibacterial Activity; Marine Sponge Extracts; Fish Pathogenic Bacteria
Subjects:Fish Biotechnology
Fish Diseases
Marine Ecosystems > Sponges
Divisions:CMFRI-Cochin > Physiology and Nutrition Pathology
ID Code:7647
Deposited By:Arun Surendran
Deposited On:22 Feb 2011 10:08
Last Modified:07 Jan 2014 11:48

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