Pillai, N N and Nair, K R Manmadhan and Sampson Manickam, P E (1998) Technological advancements in shrimp seed production with reference to demand and supply. In: Technological Advancements in Fisheries. Hameed, M S and Kurup, B Madhusoodana,(eds.) CUSAT; Kochi, Kochi, pp. 7-17.
Shrimp aquaculture has been developed as an industry to cater to the ever increasing export market. Controlled production of the desired species of shrimp seed is vital for the sustained development of shrimp aquaculture industry. The major technologies for shrimp seed production are the Japanese system and the Galveston system. Over the years these systems have undergone a series of modifications to suit the location, species and local requirements. In Kerala two major systems for shrimp seed production are in vogue, one developed by the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute and the other by the Kerala Fisheries Department. Semidosed hatchery technology is adopted mainly in these systems so as to take advantage of the prevailing climatic conditions of this area, thereby reducing the production cost. As this technology relies mainly on the prevailing climatic conditions, shrimp seed production can be undertaken for a part of the year only. During monsoon months the hatchery ran conveniently switch over to the production of 'Scampi' seed, which has great demand when the production of shrimp seed is not profitable due to unfavorable climatic conditions such as low salinity and temperature, thereby assuring year round operation of the hatchery and increasing the profitability of the unit. The present paper also deals with working details and economics of two types of hatcheries to cater to the needs of two levels of entrepreneurs. A backyard hatchery with a production capacity of 3 million seeds (25 million shrimp seed and 0.5 million seed of 'scampi') established with an initial investment of Rs. 3.7 lakhs on infrastructure and an annual operating cost of Rs.125 lakhs can yield a net profit of Rs. 0.83 lakhs per year at an average production cost of Rs. 126/1000 seeds. A medium scale hatchery with a production capacity of 15.8 million seeds (15.1 million shrimp seeds and 0.7 million 'scampi' seeds) established at an initial investment of Rs. 4438 lakhs and operating cost of Rs. 4.81 lakhs can yield a net profit of Rs. 6.08 lakhs per year at an average production cost of Rs. 113/lM)O seeds.
|Item Type:||Book Section|
|Uncontrolled Keywords:||Technological advancements; seed production; shrimp|
Crustacean Fisheries > Prawn and Prawn fisheries
|Divisions:||CMFRI-Cochin > Marine Capture > Crustacean Fisheries|
|Deposited By:||Arun Surendran|
|Deposited On:||11 Nov 2010 17:09|
|Last Modified:||02 Jan 2014 16:39|
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