Influence of temperature and salinity on survival of the freshwater mullet, Rhinomugil corsula (Hamilton)

Kutty, M N and Sukumaran, N and Kasim, H M (1980) Influence of temperature and salinity on survival of the freshwater mullet, Rhinomugil corsula (Hamilton). Aquaculture, 20 (3). pp. 261-274.

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Abstract

The upper incipient lethal temperatures of the freshwater mullet, Rhinomugil corsula, acclimated to 15, 20, 25, 30 and 35°C in fresh water, were 32.4, 34.1, 36.0, 36.2 and 36.5°C respectively, and the corresponding lower lethal temperatures were 10.5, 11.5, 13.2, 15.8 and 19.5°C. The mullet has a total tolerance (area of thermal polygon) of 569°C with an upper and lower thermal tolerance of 253 and 316°C2. Likewise, the total resistance of the mullet was 391°C2, with upper and lower resistance zones of 181 and 210°C respectively. The upper critical temperatures of swimming inhibition of R. corsula (17.2 cm; acclimation 30°C), determined in a swimming tunnel, were 35.2, 34.6 and 34.2 for water current velocities of 38, 62 and 77 cm s−1 respectively. The corresponding lower critical temperatures were 26.2, 27.5 and 28.1°C. These results indicated the stenothermal nature of the mullet by comparison with other fishes, e.g. Tilapia mossambica. In tests on the influence of ambient salinity on thermal resistance, R. corsula survived longest at 7‰ (iso-osmotic salinity). At salinities above and below this point, survival times were shorter at any lethal temperature. In a tentative scheme for quantification of stress due to temperature and salinity at death (after acclimation to 30°C and tested at 37°C), the hypo-osmotic and hyper-osmotic stress were estimated to be 50 and 31% of the thermal stress (100%) respectively.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:temperature; salinity; survival; freshwater mullet; Rhinomugil corsula
Subjects:Fish and Fisheries > Fish physiology
Aquaculture
Divisions:CMFRI-Cochin > Mariculture
ID Code:6146
Deposited By:INVALID USER
Deposited On:10 Nov 2010 11:06
Last Modified:10 Nov 2010 11:06

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