Population characteristics and fishery of yellow fin tuna, Thunnus albacares landed along the Gulf of Mannar coast, Tamil Nadu, India

Abdussamad, E M and Pillai, N G K and Balasubramanian, T S (2008) Population characteristics and fishery of yellow fin tuna, Thunnus albacares landed along the Gulf of Mannar coast, Tamil Nadu, India. Egyptian Journal of Aquatic Research, 34 (2). pp. 330-335.

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Abstract

Fishery and population characteristics of yellowfin tuna, Thunrlzis ulbucures were studied. Their annual landings from Gulf of Mannar ecosystem varied between 3 (1991) and 1,006 t (2003). Annual average production for 1989-1995 was 90 t, 1996-2000 was 326 and 2001-'06 was 635. Catch was constituted by relatively small fishes. Population parameters such as growth. mortality and exploitation rates were estimated from length frequency data. Length at first capture was estimated as 52.7 cm, length at first maturity as 71.1 cm and optimum length for exploitation as 96.8 cm. Average standing stock and spawning stock biomass was 675 t and 455 t respectively. Maximum sustainable yield (MSY) was estimated as 690 t. Study revealed that yellow fin resource is subjected to intensive exploitation during 1998-2006. Recruitment pattern indicated that recruitment occurs almost round the year with peak in May-August with 60.5% of the annual recruitment. Food and feeding studies show that they feed mainly on pelagic fishes dominated by carangids, clupeids, beloneids and hemiramphids. Other components in their food are crustaceans and cephalopods.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Population characteristics; fishery; yellow fin tuna; Thunnus albacares; Gulf of Mannar; Tamil Nadu; India
Subjects:Pelagic Fisheries > Tuna fisheries
Marine Fisheries > Population Dynamics
Divisions:CMFRI-Cochin > Marine Capture
CMFRI-Cochin > Marine Capture > Pelagic Fisheries
ID Code:6067
Deposited By:Arun Surendran
Deposited On:08 Nov 2010 10:26
Last Modified:18 Jun 2012 10:18

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