Environmental Contaminants and the Prevalence of Hemic Neoplasia (Leukemia) in the Common Mussel (Mytilus edulis Complex) from Puget Sound, Washington, U.S.A

Krishnakumar, P K and Casillas, E and Snider, R G and Kagley, A N and Varanasi, U (1999) Environmental Contaminants and the Prevalence of Hemic Neoplasia (Leukemia) in the Common Mussel (Mytilus edulis Complex) from Puget Sound, Washington, U.S.A. Journal of Invertebrate Pathology, 73 (2). pp. 135-146.

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Abstract

The relationship between hemic neoplasia, a blood cell disorder in bivalve molluscs, and chemical contaminants was evaluated in the common mussel (Mytilus eduliscomplex). Hemic neoplasia (HN) is endemic to mussel populations in Puget Sound. The prevalence of hemic neoplasia ranged from 0 to 30% in mussels from nine sites in Puget Sound, Washington. Organic chemical contamination in sediment from these sites range from 0.1 to 64.0 ppm of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and 0.07 to 0.50 ppm chlorinated hydrocarbons. No relationship between the body burden of environmental contaminants and the prevalence of HN in mussels was identified. To evaluate the short-term ability of chemical contaminants to induce HN in mussels, mussels, from a site where mussels were previously determined to be HN free, were fed microencapsulated PAHs (composed of a mixture of phenanthrene, flouranthene, and benzo[a]pyrene) or PCBs (Aroclor 1254) and the prevalence of HN was assessed after 30 days of exposure.

Item Type:Article
Official URL/DOI:http://idealibrary.com
Uncontrolled Keywords:Environmental Contaminants; Hemic Neoplasia; Common Mussel; Mytilus edulis; Puget Sound; Washington; U.S.A;
Subjects:Molluscan Fisheries > Mussel culture
Divisions:CMFRI-Cochin > Marine Biotechnology
ID Code:5772
Deposited By:Arun Surendran
Deposited On:28 Oct 2010 15:25
Last Modified:28 Oct 2010 15:25

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