Dendrilla nigra, a marine sponge, as potential source of antibacterial substances for managing shrimp diseases

Joseph, Selvin and Lipton, A P (2004) Dendrilla nigra, a marine sponge, as potential source of antibacterial substances for managing shrimp diseases. Aquaculture, 236 (1-4). pp. 277-283.

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Abstract

Secondary metabolites of marine sponge Dendrilla nigra were tested for determining the efficacy of controlling shrimp bacterial pathogens. Based on the exploratory experiments, the chosen dose of D. nigra (500 mg/kg of shrimp) was used for pilot experiment. The percent relative protection (PRP) of shrimps treated with Dendrilla feed and challenged with various concentrations of bacterial pathogen was evaluated. Dendrilla feed elicited complete protection (100% survival) against the most common shrimp pathogens such as luminescent Vibrio harveyi and Vibrio alginolyticus. Results of combined bacterial challenge indicated that Dendrilla was a broad spectrum vibriostatic agent. Invariably, the survival of treated shrimp against the bacterial infection was significant at p<0.01 level. Based on the present findings, it could be inferred that the secondary metabolites of D. nigra form an excellent source for developing potent antibacterial agents to combat bacterial diseases of shrimp and replace the conventional antibiotics

Item Type:Article
Official URL/DOI:http://www.elsevier.com/locate/aqua-online
Uncontrolled Keywords:Dendrilla nigra; marine sponge; antibacterial; shrimp disease
Subjects:Marine Ecosystems > Sponges
Crustacean Fisheries > Prawn and Prawn fisheries
Divisions:CMFRI-Cochin > Physiology and Nutrition Pathology
ID Code:5767
Deposited By:Arun Surendran
Deposited On:28 Oct 2010 15:43
Last Modified:25 May 2012 15:51

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