Low Genetic Differentiation in the Populations of the Malabar Carp Labeo dussumieri as revealed by Allozymes, Microsatellites and RAPD

Gopalakrishnan, A and Musammilu, K K and Basheer, V S and John, Lijo and Padmakumar, K G and Lal, Kuldeep Kumar and Mohindra, Vindhya and Punia, P and Dinesh, K and Manjebrayakath, Hashim and Ponniah, A G and Lakra, W S (2009) Low Genetic Differentiation in the Populations of the Malabar Carp Labeo dussumieri as revealed by Allozymes, Microsatellites and RAPD. Asian Fisheries Science, 22 (2). pp. 359-391.


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The population structure of Labeo dussumieri, an endangered and endemic cyprinid from three riverine locations in the Western Ghats, India was investigated using allozyme, microsatellite and RAPD markers. L. dussumieri samples were obtained from Meenachil, Manimala and Pamba River basins, Kerala. Fourteen (46.7%) out of 30 allozyme loci, seven microsatellite loci and 12 RAPD Operon decamers gave polymorphic pattern. Six allozyme loci (AAT-2*, EST-4*, GLDH*, GPI-2*, G6PDH* and LDH-2*) and three microsatellite loci (LdussG1, MFW19 and Bgon22) exhibited consistent significant deviation from Hardy-Weinberg Equilibrium expectations in different populations after probability level (P<0.05) was adjusted for sequential Bonferroni correction. All the three marker types demonstrated concordant results and various estimates revealed genetic variability within the subpopulations but surprisingly low level (= 0.0034 to 0.0081) of genetic differentiation among L. dussumieri from different river samples. AMOVA analysis also indicated low differentiation among subpopulations. No evidence for a recent genetic bottleneck was observed in L. dussumieri populations based on allozyme and microsatellite data set analysis. Meenachil, Manimala and Pamba Rivers open in to the southern end of Vembanad Lake in Kerala and are connected to each other in the lower reaches through an extensive network of natural canals. Common ancestry in the prehistoric period; and possible mixing of fish populations resulting in high gene flow across the rivers through the lake and interconnecting canals could have been responsible for the lack of significant allelic heterogeneity among the L. dussumieri populations. The stocks from the three rivers do not require different management strategies and for propagation assisted river ranching programme of this species, large effective breeding population can be developed by mixing individuals from three rivers

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Low Genetic Differentiation; Malabar Carp; Labeo dussumieri; Allozymes; Microsatellites; RAPD
Subjects: Fish and Fisheries > Fish Genetics
Divisions: CMFRI-Kochi > Marine Capture
Subject Area > CMFRI > CMFRI-Kochi > Marine Capture
CMFRI-Kochi > Marine Capture
Subject Area > CMFRI-Kochi > Marine Capture
Depositing User: Arun Surendran
Date Deposited: 26 Oct 2010 09:58
Last Modified: 09 Sep 2015 15:34
URI: http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/id/eprint/5716

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