Pelagic Sharks in the Indian Seas their Exploitation, Trade, Management and Conservation

Pillai, P P and Parakkal, Biju (2000) Pelagic Sharks in the Indian Seas their Exploitation, Trade, Management and Conservation. CMFRI Special Publication , 70 . pp. 1-95.

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Abstract

Sharks are generally large, cold blooded, cartilaginous fishes, which are fast swimming, known for their numerous sharp teeth, distinctive dorsal fin and skill in locating underwater prey. They are members of elasmobranchs that live the same way they did more than 200 million years ago. Sharks belong to the class Chondrichthys and the subclass Elasmobranchii. The estimated 375 species are divided into 8 Orders emd 30 families. They range in size from the dwarf dog-fish (Family: Squalidae], (less than 20 cm in length) to the massive whale shark (Family: Rhiniodontidae), which reaches a length of more than 12m. Most sharks inhabit tropical or temperate marine waters, but some species have been found in freshwater lakes and polar seas. Depending on the species, sharks inhabit either shallow or coastal waters or the open ocean and some species, such as slxgill shark (Hexanchus grisens) live at depths of more than 1800 m. Pelagic sharks Eire characterised by the absence of spiracles when compared to the bottom-dwelling sharks, which may posess them to breath easier while in the benthic realms. Sharks are generally large, cold blooded, cartilaginous fishes, which are fast swimming, known for their numerous sharp teeth, distinctive dorsal fin and skill in locating underwater prey. They are members of elasmobranchs that live the same way they did more than 200 million years ago. Sharks belong to the class Chondrichthys and the subclass Elasmobranchii. The estimated 375 species are divided into 8 Orders emd 30 families. They range in size from the dwarf dog-fish (Family: Squalidae], (less than 20 cm in length) to the massive whale shark (Family: Rhiniodontidae), which reaches a length of more than 12m. Most sharks inhabit tropical or temperate marine waters, but some species have been found in freshwater lakes and polar seas. Depending on the species, sharks inhabit either shallow or coastal waters or the open ocean and some species, such as slxgill shark (Hexanchus grisens) live at depths of more than 1800 m. Pelagic sharks Eire characterised by the absence of spiracles when compared to the bottom-dwelling sharks, which may posess them to breath easier while in the benthic realms.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Pelagic Sharks; Indian Seas; Exploitation; Trade; Management; Conservation
Subjects:CMFRI Special Publication
Demersal Fisheries > Shark fisheries
Divisions:CMFRI-Cochin > Marine Capture > Pelagic Fisheries
ID Code:3522
Deposited By:Arun Surendran
Deposited On:04 Oct 2010 10:58
Last Modified:17 Mar 2011 13:54

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