Bensam, P and Menon, N G and Balachandran, K and Andrews, Joseph (1994) Need for protecting the non-edible benthic biota of the inshore waters for the benefit of the coastal resources and the fishing industry. Marine Fisheries Information Service, Technical and Extension Series, 128 . pp. 1-4.
Over the past five decades, the Indian marine fisheries have been subjected to modifications and development. The modifications have transformed a subsistence oriented traditional fisheries into a market-oriented semiindustrial sector, with tremendous growth in fish production which in turn has increased the total revenue in terms of national as well as foreign currency turn over. The fast development of modern technologies in the harvesting sector, coupled with the rising demands for Indian marine products abroad have paved the way for reaping incessantly the vast expanses of coastal waters sometimes even beyond the sustaining capacity of the habitat. Inspite of these advances, it is disheartening to note that our present marine fish production has been swinging around 1.2 to' 2.3 million tonnes during the past two decades, with only marginal annual increase even with increased fishing pressures, new innovations, diversification, industrialisation, etc. Assessment of the stocks of the major fish resources in the exploited grounds have categorically revealed that the stocks of target groups/species of relatively high value and easily vulnerable ones are on the verge of overexploitation and therefore warrant immediate management measures. Today's Indian marine fisheries thus face challenging problems in trying to achieve the kind of sustainability that will assure its own long-range survival.
|Uncontrolled Keywords:||Benthic Biota ;Non-Edible ;Inshore Waters|
|Subjects:||Marine Environment > Marine Benthos|
|Divisions:||CMFRI-Cochin > Fishery Environment|
|Deposited By:||INVALID USER|
|Deposited On:||29 Sep 2010 10:13|
|Last Modified:||11 May 2012 16:14|
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