Stock assessment of the penaeid prawn Metapenaeus dobsoni (Miers) along the Indian coast

Sukumaran, K K and Alagaraja, K and Suseelan, C and Rajan, K N and James, D B and Subramanian, T and Kakati, V S and Nandakumar, G and Kurup, N S and Sarada, P T and Sathianandan, T V (1993) Stock assessment of the penaeid prawn Metapenaeus dobsoni (Miers) along the Indian coast. Indian Journal of Fisheries, 40 (1&2). pp. 35-49.

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Abstract

The annual prodiction of M. dobsoni showed an increasing trend with an annual average of 22 370 t during 1985-S9. It formed 15.7% of the penaeid prawn landings in the country. West coast contributed 69.9% to the annual yield of this prawn. Kerala ranked first (51.4%) in M. dobsoni production followed b;' Tamil Nadu. Shrimp trawl alone caught 54% of the landings. L«> and K were 139 mm and 2.4 for m«les, and 145 mm and 2.76 for females respectively. The instantaneous mortality coefficient (Z) ranged lietween 16,47 and 25.29 in males, and between 16.21 and 20.97 in females. Tlie natural mortality coefficient (M) was 2.3 for both the sexes. The yield per recruit (Yw/R) increased steadily to maximum values (MSY/R) in both the sexes at Emax ranging between 0.2 and 0.4. It marginally reduced at Ihe present E between 0.8 and 0.9 suggesting that the resource is overexploited and the current effort s far higher than the effort required to harvest optimum yields. Although the average annual catch by shrimp trawls (12 189 t) is lower than MSY (13 965 t), the annual effort of 6 920 tpd or 1 488 000 bd (F= 17.8 and E = 0.89) is far beyond f^,. Considering the fact that this prawn is also exploited by other gears with an annual average of 10 180 t during 1985-89, a conservative estimate of 25 000 t as potential stock for the whole country is made.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Stock assessment; penaeid prawn; Metapenaeus dobsoni; Indian coast
Subjects:Marine Fisheries > Stock Assesment
Crustacean Fisheries > Prawn and Prawn fisheries
Divisions:CMFRI-Cochin > Marine Capture > Fishery Resource Assessment
CMFRI-Cochin > Marine Capture > Crustacean Fisheries
ID Code:249
Deposited By:Dr. V Mohan
Deposited On:25 Mar 2010 11:03
Last Modified:25 Mar 2010 11:03

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