Status and prospects of bivalve mariculture in India

Appukuttan, K K (2001) Status and prospects of bivalve mariculture in India. In: Perspectives in Mariculture. Menon, N G and Pillai, P P,(eds.) The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin, pp. 293-304.

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Abstract

Farming systems and hatchery techniques for mussels, edible oysters and pearl oysters were developed at the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute by late 70's. In the present decade intense efforts were made to test the suitability of different ecosystems for bivalve mariculture. The attempts made to demonstrate the economic feasibility of mussel and oyster culture in Kerala had a positive impact leading to development of group farming activities in the coastal communities. ReloAive to this intensification of farming, preliminary attempts were made to explore the potential domestic market. The changing scenario from experimental farming to commercialisation of mussel and oyster culture in India is „ presented. New strides have been made in large-scale prodnction of pearl oyster spat and pearl culture. Initiation of pearl culture projects by private entrepreneurs has widened the scope for marine pearl production in India. A review of the status, opportunities and prospects for expansion of the bivalve mariculture along with the technical, economic and social problems are analyzed and discussed. Enhanced use of underutilized areas for future mariculture programmes are analyzed in the light of potential new markets. Thrust areas for future research and development activities are also highlighted.

Item Type:Book Section
Uncontrolled Keywords:Status and prospects; bivalve mariculture; India
Subjects:Aquaculture > Mariculture
Divisions:CMFRI-Cochin > Marine Capture > Molluscan Fisheries
ID Code:2386
Deposited By:Dr. V Mohan
Deposited On:19 Aug 2010 15:03
Last Modified:19 Aug 2010 15:03

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