Results of the mother oyster culture and pearl production in Pinctada fucata (Gould) in the inshore waters of the Gulf of Mannar and Palk Bay

Victor, A C C and Kandasamy, D and Jagadis, I and Ignatius, Boby and Chellam, A and Chitra, G and Villan, P and Rajkumar, M (2001) Results of the mother oyster culture and pearl production in Pinctada fucata (Gould) in the inshore waters of the Gulf of Mannar and Palk Bay. In: Perspectives in Mariculture. Menon, N G and Pillai, P P,(eds.) The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin, pp. 251-258.

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Abstract

It is established experimentally that the inshore areas of the Gulf of Mannar and Palk Bay bordering Mandapam Camp can profitably be used for mother oyster culture and cultured pearl production. The depth of the inshore waters of the Gulf of Mannar is comparatively deeper where the raft culture can be adopted from November to May. whereas, the nearshore waters of Palk Bay is shallow where rack can be used to farm the oysters from June to October, thus a continued farming is possible in all months in a calender year. Though the hydrological and environmental conditions of both the seas are almost same, it is found that Gulf of Mannar is better suited for mother oyster culture as indicated by the better growth rates of spat and oysters. If farming is done properly, high survival rates of spat, mother oysters and implanted oysters can be achieved with an enhanced rate of production of better quality cultured pearls.

Item Type:Book Section
Uncontrolled Keywords:mother oyster; culture; pearl production; Pinctada fucata; Gulf of Mannar; Palk Bay
Subjects:Aquaculture > Mariculture
Molluscan Fisheries > Pearl oyster
Divisions:CMFRI-Cochin > Marine Capture > Molluscan Fisheries
ID Code:2383
Deposited By:Dr. V Mohan
Deposited On:20 Aug 2010 11:01
Last Modified:20 Aug 2010 11:01

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