Trade-off between monsoon trawl ban and the livelihood of trawl labourers in Maharashtra

Shyam, S Salim and Vijayan, Hena and Sandhya, K M (2010) Trade-off between monsoon trawl ban and the livelihood of trawl labourers in Maharashtra. Indian Journal of Fisheries , 57 (2). pp. 67-71.

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Abstract

Indian fisheries sector in view of its potential contribution to national income, nutritional security, employment opportunities, social objectives and export earnings, plays an important role in the socio-economic development of the country. Fisheries sector contributes 4.3 % to the agricultural GDP and export earnings are presently valued at over Rs. 6,800 crores from a volume of 4.6 lakh tonnes. In addition, it provides direct and indirect employment and dependency for over seven million people in the country. With an estimated production potential of 8.4 million tonnes, the present level of production in the country is 5.9 million tonnes with almost equal contribution from both the marine and inland fisheries. The estimated fisheries potential from Indian Exclusive Economic Zone was found to be 3.9 million tonnes. But inspite of the increased efforts in fish production, the catch stagnated around 2.9 million tonnes. The stagnation in catches mainly due to the overexploitation of dwindling marine resources forced the government to impart some management measures to regulate the fishery and for the sustenance of the marine resources. The monsoon trawl ban in fisheries was one of the major reforms, which had created a substantial increase in fish production in the past few years. The ban on trawling during monsoon season was introduced in Maharashtra, after a series of studies, from 1992 for a period of 65 days form June 10 to August 15 (or Naralipoornima whichever is earlier). A notable increase in production from the marine sector of the country occurred in the post-ban period. Nevertheless, it had created problems in employment, poverty and income distribution of fishermen during ban period and was always a matter of unrest among mechanized and traditional sector of fishing. The aim of this study is to understand the impact of ban on monsoon trawling in employment pattern, poverty and income distribution of fishermen along the western coast of Maharashtra. The study was conducted at Versova fishing village, Mumbai and provides reflections on the possible impact of monsoon ban on the livelihood and standard of living of the fishermen in the state.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Livelihood; Monsoon trawl ban; Trawl labourers
Subjects:Marine Fisheries > Trawl Ban
Socio Economic and Extension > Fisheries Economics
Socio Economic and Extension > Fish Marketing
Divisions:CMFRI-Cochin > Fishery Extension
ID Code:2350
Deposited By:Dr. V Mohan
Deposited On:12 Aug 2010 16:26
Last Modified:10 Jan 2011 16:14

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