Community structure and spatial patterns of hard coral biodiversity in Kilakarai group of islands in Gulf of Mannar, India

Sukumaran, Sandhya and George, Rani Mary and Kasinathan, C (2008) Community structure and spatial patterns of hard coral biodiversity in Kilakarai group of islands in Gulf of Mannar, India. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India, 50 (1). pp. 79-86.

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    Abstract

    The major reefs of Gulf of Mannar Biosphere Reserve extends from Tuticorin group of islands (08048’ N lat. 7809’ E long.) to Shingle island (09014’N lat., 79014’ E long.) in Mandapam. A comparative study was conducted on Kilakarai group of islands of this reef to deduce the spatial patterns in hard coral biodiversity and community structure. The field work was carried out during September 2004 – June 2005. The islands studied were Valai, Mulli, Appa, Valimunai and Anaipar. The highest and the lowest percentage of live coral cover was recorded by the reefs of the Mulli (40.1%) and Anaipar islands (25.0%) respectively. Shannon index of diversity recorded the maximum value in the reefs of Mulli island (2.53) and the minimum in Anaipar island (1.72). Conservation classes (CC’s) of 1,2,3 or 4 were assigned to reef sites dominated by massive and submassive corals (CC1), foliose or branching non Acropora corals (CC2), Acropora corals (CC3) or approximately equal mixes of these three members (CC4). In the present study the reefs around Valai, Mulli, Appa and Valimunai islands were classified as CC2 and reef around Anaipar island was classified as CC4. Maximum similarity in species composition was found between Valai and Valimunai island reefs (58.1%). Mortality indices of all reefs classified them into the category “sick” and so further efforts should be focused on implementation of conservation strategies.

    Item Type: Article
    Uncontrolled Keywords: Coral reefs; community structure; biodiversity; Gulf of Mannar; spatial patterns
    Subjects: Marine Ecosystems > Coral Reefs
    Marine Biodiversity
    Divisions: CMFRI-Kochi > Fishery Environment
    Subject Area > CMFRI Brochures > CMFRI-Kochi > Fishery Environment
    CMFRI-Kochi > Fishery Environment
    Depositing User: Geetha P Mrs
    Date Deposited: 15 Aug 2010 15:34
    Last Modified: 09 Sep 2015 15:16
    URI: http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/id/eprint/2237

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