Effect of salinity on the hemocyte profile and phagocytosis in the Indian edible oyster, Crassostrea madrasensis (Preston)

Ittoop, Gijo and George, K C and George, Rani Mary and Sobhana, K S and Sanil, N K and Nisha, P C (2005) Effect of salinity on the hemocyte profile and phagocytosis in the Indian edible oyster, Crassostrea madrasensis (Preston). Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India, 47 (1). pp. 31-35.

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Abstract

Effect of salinity on the hemocyte profile and phagocytosis in the Indian edible oyster, Crassostrea madrasensis (Preston) Groups of Indian edible oysters (Crassostrea madrasensis) of average size 6.6 + 1.5 cm x 4.2 + 0.2 cm, were maintained at different salinities of 6, 12,25 and 35 ppt for a period of 1 month. On termination of the experiment, hemolymph samples were withdrawn from adductor muscle sinuses and analyzed for total hemocyte counts, differential hemocyte counts and phagocytic function of the hemocytes. The results revealed that the total hemocyte counts were significantly high at 35 ppt and it was mainly contributed by semigranulocytes. In animals maintained at all other salinity levels, hemocyte counts did not show significant variations. The phagocytic index was significantly low (p < 0.05) in oysters maintained at 6 and 35 ppt salinities compared to other treatment groups.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Crassostrea madrasensis; salinity; hemocyte count; phagocytosis
Subjects:Molluscan Fisheries > Edible oyster
Fish and Fisheries > Fish physiology
Divisions:CMFRI-Cochin > Physiology and Nutrition Pathology
CMFRI-Cochin > Marine Capture > Molluscan Fisheries
ID Code:2041
Deposited By:Edwin Joseph
Deposited On:05 Aug 2010 17:49
Last Modified:05 Aug 2010 17:49

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