Fisheries and Aquaculture

Sahoo, L and Behera, Bijay Kumar and Panda, Debabrata and Janmejay, P and Debnath, C and Mallik, Sumanta K and Roul, Subal Kumar (2023) Fisheries and Aquaculture. In: Trajectory of 75 years of Indian Agriculture after Independence. Springer, Singapore, pp. 313-330. ISBN 978-981-19-7997-2

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    India, a country with rich aquatic diversity endowed with vast aquatic resources has made tremendous progress in the field of fisheries and aquaculture. At the national level, the GDP contribution of Fisheries to Agriculture is 7.28%. At the global level, India holds the second rank in aquaculture. But looking back there are many Individual, Institutional and Governmental efforts in achieving present day’s success. At the individual level, the contribution of Dr. Hiralal Chaudhuri for the development of artificial spawning is a major landmark. Development of induced breeding followed by composite fish culture during the 1980s revolutionized the sector, today which we term as Blue Revolution. At Institutional Level various research Institutes were established like Central Inland Fisheries Research Institute (CIFRI), Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute (CMFRI), Central Institute of Freshwater Aquaculture (CIFA), Central Institute of Brackishwater Aquaculture (CIBA), Central Institute of Fisheries Education (CIFE), Central Institute of Fisheries Technology (CIFT), Directorate of Coldwater Fisheries Research (DCFR), National Bureau of Fish Genetic Research (NBFGR) to develop cutting edge aquaculture technologies. Noticeable technologies that need to be highlighted are Captive breeding of high-value freshwater, brackishwater and marine species, Development of improved variety of fish species, Enclosure culture, Disease management, Feed Management, Cataloguing and conservation of novel species, etc. A lot has been achieved, but there are several challenges that also need to be addressed like climate change, the emergence of new aquatic diseases, fulfilling the feeding requirement, the establishment of value chains and domestic market linkages, development of motivated entrepreneurs. Besides, there is also a need for the development of information and communication technology and precision farming in this field. The whole idea in developing this sector further will be sustainable development of fishers and fisheries for a better tomorrow in the form of economic growth, nutritional fulfilment with a healthy environment.

    Item Type: Book Section
    Uncontrolled Keywords: Fisheries; Aquaculture; Pre-independence; Post-independence; Growth and development; Blue revolution
    Subjects: Fish and Fisheries > Fisheries management
    Fish and Fisheries
    Divisions: CMFRI-Digha
    Depositing User: Arun Surendran
    Date Deposited: 09 Jan 2024 14:34
    Last Modified: 09 Jan 2024 14:34

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