Exploring biophysical links of catch rate from mid-water trawl fishery in the north-west coast of India, Eastern Arabian Sea: A remote sensing approach

Abdul Azeez, P and Rohit, Prathibha and Raman, Mini and Shenoy, Latha and Jaiswar, A K and Koya, Mohammed and Mojjada, Suresh Kumar and Divu, D and Gopalakrishnan, A (2023) Exploring biophysical links of catch rate from mid-water trawl fishery in the north-west coast of India, Eastern Arabian Sea: A remote sensing approach. Science of the Total Environment, 886. pp. 1-14. ISSN 0048-9697

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Fish frequently shift their distribution ranges as a result of changes in preferred environmental factors. Knowledge on distribution of fish in relation to their environmental optima is crucial for improving the understanding of fishing grounds and planning sustainable exploitation. This study investigated the monthly variability in environmental factors impacting the catch rate and the spatio-temporal distribution patterns of fish along northwest coast of India (NWCI) from 2017 to 2019. The time series images of sea surface temperature (SST), sea surface height anomaly (SSHa), chlorophyll-a concentration (CHL), and euphotic depth (Zeu) indicate close coupling between bio-physical variables in the region. Generalized Additive Model (GAM) applied to the catch rate of mid-water trawlers found that CHL and Zeu were the most influential variables for ribbonfish distribution, while CHL and SST influence squid distribution and SST and SSHa influence cuttlefish distribution. The total deviation explained 37.70 %, 10.70 %, and 22.28 % in the final model for predicting the spatio-temporal distribution of ribbonfish, squid, and cuttlefish, respectively. Environmental factors were significant in the final GAM model (p < 0.05). Spatio-temporal distribution patterns of fishery resources from mid-water trawlers showed that they were related to biophysical changes in the northwest coast of India. The high catch rate was observed in the northern latitudes during the post-monsoon (October), the major fishing season in the region. However, it shrank and shifted to southern latitudes during the winter (January). This study could be adapted to nearby countries in the Arabian Sea region for an effective and useful tool to monitor and manage the fishery resources. Furthermore, it could aid in decision-making for policymakers and resource managers to formulate strategies for holistic marine fishery management and sustainable resource exploitation.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Chlorophyll; Fish distribution; Fishing grounds; Generalized additive model; Remote sensing; Trawl fishery.
Subjects: Fish and Fisheries > Fisheries management
Oceanography > Remote sensing
Fishery Technology > Fishing
Marine Fisheries > Bottom Trawling
Divisions: CMFRI-Veraval
CMFRI-Kochi > Mariculture Division
Subject Area > CMFRI > CMFRI-Kochi > Mariculture Division
CMFRI-Kochi > Mariculture Division
Subject Area > CMFRI-Kochi > Mariculture Division
Depositing User: Arun Surendran
Date Deposited: 12 May 2023 04:38
Last Modified: 12 May 2023 04:38
URI: http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/id/eprint/17020

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