Comparative study on pre-treatment methods for enhanced saccharification from tropical seaweeds to aid in bioethanol production

Kooren, Rose and Sumithra, T G and Jaseera, K V and Sunithakumari, K and Hasan, Shamiya and Sayooj, P and Kaladharan, P (2023) Comparative study on pre-treatment methods for enhanced saccharification from tropical seaweeds to aid in bioethanol production. Aquatic Botany, 184. pp. 1-12.

[img] Text
Aquatic Botany_2023_Sumithra T G.pdf
Restricted to Registered users only

Download (2MB) | Request a copy | Please mail the copy request to cmfrilibrary@gmail.com
Official URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/...
Related URLs:

    Abstract

    The selection of suitable pretreatment strategy that facilitates saccharification is the most critical step in the valorisation of seaweed biomass into bioethanol. Considering the scarcity of data on the comparative efficacy of different pretreatments particularly in tropical seaweed species, 50 pretreatment strategies were analysed on three major species representing all the three broad seaweed categories, viz. Ulva fasciata (green algae), Sargassum wightii (brown algae), and Gracilaria corticata (red algae). An improved release of reducing sugars was observed in all the tested pretreatments, with different conversion ratios for different species in each pretreatment. Ultrasonication and magnetic stirring showed maximum yield among physical pretreatments. In thermal methods, microwave oven incubation resulted in maximum yield from both U. fasciata and S. wightii, while it was autoclaving for G. corticata. Sulphuric acid was the best chemical for U. fasciata and G. corticata, while it was orthophosphoric acid for S. wightii. Hydrochloric acid was the best chemical for physicothermochemical pretreatment in all species. Maximum conversion ratios of 2.58, 2.11, and 2.0 were recorded in U. fasciata, G. corticata, and S. wightii respectively. In short, the paper sketches the best pretreatment method for three major tropical seaweeds along with their proximate composition. The results can be applied for aiding the valorisation of biomass of these seaweeds through a cost-effective manner.

    Item Type: Article
    Uncontrolled Keywords: Biofuel;Ulva fasciata;Sargassum wightii;Gracilaria corticata;Hydrolysis;Reducing sugar
    Subjects: Algae > Seaweed
    Marine Botany
    Algae
    Divisions: CMFRI-Kochi > Fishery Environment
    Subject Area > CMFRI > CMFRI-Kochi > Fishery Environment
    CMFRI-Kochi > Fishery Environment
    Subject Area > CMFRI-Kochi > Fishery Environment

    CMFRI-Kochi > Marine Biotechnology
    Subject Area > CMFRI > CMFRI-Kochi > Marine Biotechnology
    CMFRI-Kochi > Marine Biotechnology
    Subject Area > CMFRI-Kochi > Marine Biotechnology
    Depositing User: Arun Surendran
    Date Deposited: 14 Nov 2022 07:20
    Last Modified: 14 Nov 2022 07:20
    URI: http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/id/eprint/16457

    Actions (login required)

    View Item View Item