Achievements in fisheries and aquaculture in Independent India

Jena, J K and Gopalakrishnan, A and Ravishankar, C N and Lal, Kuldeep Kumar and Das, B K and Das, P C and Panigrahi, A K and Shinoj, P and Madhu, V R (2022) Achievements in fisheries and aquaculture in Independent India. In: Indian Agriculture after Independence. Indian Council of Agricultural Research, New Delhi, pp. 168-208. ISBN 978-81-7164-256-4

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    India, with its extensive marine and inland water resources that support diverse aquatic ecosystems, possesses enormous potential to harness its fisheries and aquaculture to support the income, nutritional and livelihood security of its population. Following independence, there has been a strong commitment within the political and scientific community to pursue the above objectives through a science-centric strategy. Strong emphasis was placed on developing institutions and infrastructure that support scientific fishing and fish farming. In the form of systematic surveys and exploratory investigations, the initial goal was to characterize and document the country’s fishery resources. The Zoological Survey of India, founded in 1916, was instrumental in this process by conducting extensive research on fish taxonomy and descriptive natural history. Numerous initiatives for the discovery and distribution of fish stocks were conducted, emphasizing the importance of scientific stock management. Recognizing the importance of trained manpower and the need for the sustained scientific pursuit to bring about a significant transformation in the fisheries sector, in 1947 two fisheries research stations, the Central Marine Fisheries Station (later renamed as Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute) and the Inland Fisheries Research Station (later renamed as Central Inland Fisheries Research Institute) were established. These institutions set the groundwork for the country’s strong fisheries research base, which has since grown into a pan-India network of research, extension, and teaching in the subsequent decades. The primary focus was to develop expertise in fish stock assessment, fish biology, modernization of fishing craft and gear, standardization of aquaculture protocols for marine and inland fishes, disease diagnostics and management, fishery habitat monitoring and environment management, post-harvest value addition, market development strategies and so on. To cater to the need for trained manpower in the research institutes, the Central Institute of Fisheries Education (CIFE) was established in 1961, along with forming several.Fisheries Colleges in State/Central Agricultural Universities over an extended period. Central Institute of Fisheries Technology (CIFT), established in 1957, focused its research efforts on the development of harvest and post-harvest technology, thereby enabling the country to meet the growing needs of the seafood industry.

    Item Type: Book Section
    Uncontrolled Keywords: Agriculture; Fisheries; Aquaculture; Independent India
    Subjects: Agriculture
    Fish and Fisheries
    Depositing User: Arun Surendran
    Date Deposited: 18 Jul 2022 06:12
    Last Modified: 18 Jul 2022 06:12

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