Food habit and diet composition of Karalla dussumieri (Valenciennes, 1835) and Gazza minuta (Bloch, 1795) from Mandapam vicinity of Gulf of Mannar, Tamil Nadu

Remya, L and Zacharia, P U and Shukla, S P and Varghese, Molly and Jaiswar, A K and Nazar, A K A and Thirumalaiselvan, S and Rajkumar, M and Vinothkumar, R (2022) Food habit and diet composition of Karalla dussumieri (Valenciennes, 1835) and Gazza minuta (Bloch, 1795) from Mandapam vicinity of Gulf of Mannar, Tamil Nadu. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India, 64 (1). pp. 38-44.

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    Abstract

    The diet composition and food habits of two species of Silverbellies, Karalla dussumieri (Valenciennes, 1835) and Gazza minuta (Bloch, 1795) from Mandapam vicinity of Gulf of Mannar was analysed. The diet composition was studied from December 2016 to April 2018. K. dussumieri with full stomachs appeared in very high percentages (100%) in December followed by empty stomachs (100%) in January and February. Empty stomachs were prevalent in most of the months for G. minuta with a peak in January (100%). The vacuity index (VI) of K. dussumieri was highest during January (100%) and minimum from September to December (11-21%). Correspondingly the highest fullness index (FI) was recorded during December (4.69). The monthly mean FI of G. minuta has shown a single maximum value during August (4.81), whereas the highest VI was noticed in most of the months with a peak in January (100%). Fishes of higher length group 105-110 mm and above had the highest FI in both species. The diet analysis of K. dussumieri revealed that a planktivorous feeding habit as copepods became the principal diet with an average %IRI of 32%, followed by foraminifera (26.12%). The monthly average %IRI values showed that G. minuta is a carnivorous fish with teleost fishes (50%) as the main food followed by shrimps (15%) and copepods (9%). The gut content of smaller fishes showed diatoms, polychaetes and amphipods as the main components and as they grew, more of nekton appeared in the stomach

    Item Type: Article
    Uncontrolled Keywords: Diet analysis; feeding index; Gazza minuta; Karalla dussumieri; Gulf of Mannar
    Subjects: Fish and Fisheries > Fish Nutrition
    Fish and Fisheries > Finfish
    Divisions: CMFRI-Mandapam
    CMFRI-Kochi > Marine Capture > Demersal Fisheries
    Subject Area > CMFRI > CMFRI-Kochi > Marine Capture > Demersal Fisheries
    CMFRI-Kochi > Marine Capture > Demersal Fisheries
    Subject Area > CMFRI-Kochi > Marine Capture > Demersal Fisheries
    Depositing User: Arun Surendran
    Date Deposited: 28 Jun 2022 08:48
    Last Modified: 13 Sep 2022 04:51
    URI: http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/id/eprint/16006

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