Resolved and Redeemed: A New Fleck to the Evolutionary Divergence in the Genus Scomberomorus Lacepède, 1801 (Scombridae) With Cryptic Speciation

Jeena, N S and Rahuman, Summaya and Roul, Subal Kumar and Abdul Azeez, P and Vinothkumar, R and Manas, H M and Nesnas, E A and Margaret Muthu Rathinam, A and Surya, S and Rohit, Prathibha and Abdussamad, E M and Gopalakrishnan, A (2022) Resolved and Redeemed: A New Fleck to the Evolutionary Divergence in the Genus Scomberomorus Lacepède, 1801 (Scombridae) With Cryptic Speciation. Frontiers in Marine Science.

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The genus Scomberomorus, with 18 nominal species, sustains a significant heterogeneous fishery throughout its range. The sole molecular systematic study of this genus concerned the species group S. regalis, which contains the new world taxa. The species diversity of Scomberomorus in the northern Indian Ocean has not been studied at the molecular level, often leading to misidentifications. Here, novel genetic data are provided that reconfigure species boundaries from the region. We used single and multilocus data (eight mitochondrial and three nuclear genes) to infer phylogenetic relationships, species delimitation, and the resurrection of a time-calibrated phylogenetic tree. Our aim was also to verify the hypothesis of geographical races in S. guttatus predicated on variable vertebral counts. Interestingly, all species delimitation analyses have recovered another highly cryptic species in the nominal S. guttatus previously believed to have an Indo-Pacific distribution. Scomberomorus guttatus (Bloch and Schneider, 1801) in the sensu stricto, is redeemed from its type locality based on genetic data and preliminary morphomeristic investigations and has a restricted distribution in the Bay of Bengal. The cryptic species Scomberomorus aff. guttatus which exhibits >10% genetic divergence from S. guttatus is resurrected here from the synonymy of the latter as Scomberomorus leopardus (Shaw, 1803). Widespread in the Indo-Pacific, this species contains two major molecular operational taxonomic units (MOTUs) with a divergence threshold of over 2% between them. Our analysis suggests that vertebral counts must be coupled with other features to identify the species/lineages in the nominal S. guttatus. The heterogeneity in the S. guttatus species group is discussed in relation to the ecological diversity of the region which facilitates larval recruitment and niche specialization. The results also revealed two allopatric putative species in S. commerson, found primarily in the Pacific and Indian Oceans. This study added genetic data from S. lineolatus and S. koreanus, not previously represented in the sequence repositories. Estimation of divergence time indicated that the Indo-West Pacific species group undergoes multiple diversification events besides the recent splits detected within S. leopardus.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Fish and Fisheries > Fish Genetics
Demersal Fishes > Mackerel
Divisions: CMFRI-Kochi > Marine Biotechnology
Subject Area > CMFRI > CMFRI-Kochi > Marine Biotechnology
CMFRI-Kochi > Marine Biotechnology
Subject Area > CMFRI-Kochi > Marine Biotechnology
Depositing User: Arun Surendran
Date Deposited: 24 Jun 2022 04:22
Last Modified: 24 Jun 2022 04:22

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