Clathriketal, a new tricyclic spiroketal compound from marine sponge Clathria prolifera attenuates serine exopeptidase dipeptidyl peptidase-IV

Francis, Prima and Chakraborty, Kajal (2022) Clathriketal, a new tricyclic spiroketal compound from marine sponge Clathria prolifera attenuates serine exopeptidase dipeptidyl peptidase-IV. Natural Product Research, 36 (12). pp. 3069-3077. ISSN 1478-6427 (Online)

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    Abstract

    An undescribed tricyclic spiroketal compound clathriketal was purified from the solvent extract of the Microcionidae sponge Clathria prolifera, and was characterised as 7-(hydroxymethyl)-13-methoxy-3,11-dimethyl-4-oxo-octahydrospiro[chromene-9,13-pyran]-11-yl propionate by spectroscopic experiments. Clathriketal exhibited significant anti-hyperglycemic property by attenuating serine protease dipeptidyl peptidase-IV (IC50 0.37 mM), and its activity was comparable with the standard diprotin A (IC50 0.31 mM). The spiroketal also exhibited significant inhibitory potentials against carbolytic enzymes α-glucosidase (IC50 0.43 mM) and α-amylase (IC50 0.41 mM). Superior antioxidant properties of clathriketal against the oxidants, 2, 2′-azino-bis(3-ethylbenzthiazoline-6-sulfonic acid and 2, 2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (IC50 ∼1.2 mM) also reinforced its promising anti-hyperglycemic activity. Considerably greater topological surface area (91.29) coupled with lesser steric parameters of clathriketal, as elucidated from the structure-activity relationship analyses could further ascribe the improved ligand-receptor interactions resulting in its prospective anti-hyperglycemic activity. Molecular docking analysis of clathriketal with dipeptidyl peptidase-IV recorded lesser binding energy (–9.63 kcal/mol), which further corroborated its prospective antihyperglycemic activity.

    Item Type: Article
    Uncontrolled Keywords: Clathria prolifera; Microcionidae sponge; clathriketal; spiroketals; dipeptidyl peptidase-IV; anti-hyperglycemic activity
    Subjects: Biochemistry
    Marine Ecosystems > Sponges
    Divisions: CMFRI-Kochi > Marine Biotechnology
    Subject Area > CMFRI > CMFRI-Kochi > Marine Biotechnology
    CMFRI-Kochi > Marine Biotechnology
    Subject Area > CMFRI-Kochi > Marine Biotechnology
    Depositing User: Arun Surendran
    Date Deposited: 22 Jun 2022 06:14
    Last Modified: 22 Jun 2022 06:14
    URI: http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/id/eprint/16000

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