Usage pattern of chemicals, biologicals and veterinary medicinal products in Indian aquaculture

Patil, Prasanna Kumar and Mishra, S S and Pradhan, P K and Manna, Sanjib Kumar and Abraham, T J and Solanki, Haresh G and Shahi, Neetu and Swain, Priyabrata and Sahoo, Satya N and Avunje, Satheesha and Sharma, S R Krupesha and Geetha, R and Priyadharshini, Raju and Vinay, T N and Pani Prasad, K and Kumar, Ashok and Debnath, Dipesh and Panikkar, Preetha and Raja, Ramalingam A and Ramamoorthy, Saraswathy and Bhuvaneswari, T and Suman, Malik K and Sood, Neeraj and Kumar, Chandra B and Sanil, N K and Vinoth, P S and Alavandi, S V and Vijayan, K K and Jithendran, K P and Jena, J K (2022) Usage pattern of chemicals, biologicals and veterinary medicinal products in Indian aquaculture. Reviews in Aquaculture. pp. 1-26. ISSN 1753-5131

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    The use of chemicals, biologicals and veterinary medicinal products (VMPs) helps in healthy and sustainable fish production. Information on the use of these products is essential for assessing farming practices, potential human health and environmental risks. A questionnaire-based nationwide survey covering aquaculture farms (n = 2936) producing carps, tilapia, pangasius and rainbow trout in freshwater and shrimp in brackishwater estimated the use of 52 different types of inputs which included disinfectants (597 g t−1), probiotics (2.28 kg t−1), environmental modifiers (22.82 kg t−1), nutritional supplements (1.96 kg t−1), natural anti-infective agents (293 g t−1), herbicide and piscicides (844 g t−1), antibiotics (2 mg PCU−1), antifungal (4 mg PCU−1), and antiparasitic (14 mg PCU−1) agents. The bulk of these inputs was used for soil and water quality improvement and had low environmental and human safety concerns. The multivariate analysis revealed significant variation in the frequency and quantity of compounds use among farm groups. Redundancy analysis revealed a significant association between the number of products used and stocking density. The survey also showed a considerable influence of education and farming experience on the usage pattern of aquaculture inputs. Results of the study indicated greater reliance of farmers on the use of disinfectants for biosecurity, nutritional supplements for enhanced growth and environmental modifiers for maintaining soil and water quality in culture systems. Though there was no use of restricted antibiotics and antiparasitic agents, the development and implementation of standard regulatory guidelines are essential for safe and effective use of inputs for sustainable aquaculture.

    Item Type: Article
    Uncontrolled Keywords: Aquaculture; Biologicals; Chemicals; India; Veterinary medicinal products
    Subjects: Biochemistry > Biochemical composition
    Fish Biotechnology
    Divisions: CMFRI-Kochi > Marine Biotechnology
    Subject Area > CMFRI > CMFRI-Kochi > Marine Biotechnology
    CMFRI-Kochi > Marine Biotechnology
    Subject Area > CMFRI-Kochi > Marine Biotechnology
    Depositing User: Arun Surendran
    Date Deposited: 05 May 2022 10:40
    Last Modified: 05 May 2022 10:40

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